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A187815 Number of permutations q_1, ..., q_7 of the 7 consecutive primes p_n, p_{n+1}, ..., p_{n+6} with q_1 = p_n and q_7 = p_{n+6}, and with |q_1-q_2|, |q_2-q_3|, ..., |q_6-q_7|, |q_7-q_1| pairwise distinct, where p_k denotes the k-th prime. 3
10, 2, 7, 4, 10, 17, 15, 15, 17, 11, 4, 23, 33, 24, 19, 16, 24, 16, 31, 39, 39, 30, 24, 11, 15, 39, 30, 52, 66, 41, 29, 23, 48, 43, 15, 15, 43, 48, 39, 30, 30, 52, 68, 64, 68, 34, 19, 27, 39, 35, 22, 36, 32, 20, 19, 32, 38, 72, 71, 59 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

For each k = 3,4,5,6 there are k consecutive primes p_n, p_{n+1}, ..., p_{n+k-1} such that there is no permutation q_1, ..., q_k of p_n, p_{n+1}, ..., p_{n+k-1} with |q_1-q_2|, ..., |q_{k-1}-q_k|, |q_k-q_1| pairwise distinct. Such consecutive primes include (3, 5, 7), (5, 7, 11, 13), (3, 5, 7, 11, 13), and  (p_{2209}, p_{2210}, ..., p_{2214}) = (19471, 19477, 19483, 19489, 19501, 19507).

For k > 7 the author once thought that for any k consecutive primes p_n, p_{n+1}, ..., p_{n+k-1} there always exists a permutation q_1, ..., q_k of p_n, p_{n+1}, ..., p_{n+k-1} with |q_1-q_2|, ..., |q_{k-1}-q_k|, |q_k-q_1| pairwise distinct. But this is unlikely to be true as pointed out by Noam D. Elkies.

See also A185645 for a related conjecture.

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Noam D. Elkies, Re: A conjecture on permutations of consecutive primes, a message to Number Theory List, August 31, 2013.

EXAMPLE

a(2) = 2 since there are exactly two permutations q_1,...,q_7 of 3,5,7,11,13,17,19 meeting the requirement: (q_1,...,q_7) = (3, 7, 17, 11, 13, 5, 19), (3, 11, 13, 7, 17, 5, 19).

MATHEMATICA

V[n_, i_]:=Part[Permutations[{Prime[n+1], Prime[n+2], Prime[n+3], Prime[n+4], Prime[n+5]}], i]

Do[m=0; Do[If[Length[Union[{Abs[Part[V[n, i], 1]-Prime[n]]}, Table[Abs[Part[V[n, i], j]-If[j<5, Part[V[n, i], j+1], Prime[n+6]]], {j, 1, 5}]]]<6, Goto[aa]];

m=m+1; Label[aa]; Continue, {i, 1, 5!}]; Print[n, " ", m]; Continue, {n, 1, 20}]

A187815[n_] := Module[{p, c = 0, i = 1, j, q},

   p = Permutations[Table[Prime[j], {j, n + 1, n + 5}]];

   While[i <= Length[p],

    q = Join[{Prime[n]}, p[[i]], {Prime[n + 6]}]; i++;

    If[Length[

       Union[Join[

         Table[Abs[q[[j]] - q[[j + 1]]], {j, 1, 6}], {Abs[

           q[[7]] - q[[1]]]}]]] == 7, c++]]; c];

Table[A187815[n], {n, 1, 60}]  (* Robert Price, Apr 04 2019 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000040, A185645, A228728.

Sequence in context: A037922 A111287 A255668 * A318486 A303850 A303848

Adjacent sequences:  A187812 A187813 A187814 * A187816 A187817 A187818

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, Aug 30 2013

STATUS

approved

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Last modified July 25 11:31 EDT 2021. Contains 346289 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)