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A182855 Numbers that require exactly five iterations to reach a fixed point under the x -> A181819(x) map. 8
60, 84, 90, 120, 126, 132, 140, 150, 156, 168, 180, 198, 204, 220, 228, 234, 240, 252, 260, 264, 270, 276, 280, 294, 300, 306, 308, 312, 315, 336, 340, 342, 348, 350, 364, 372, 378, 380, 396, 408, 414, 420, 440, 444, 450, 456, 460, 468, 476, 480, 490, 492, 495 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

In each case, 2 is the fixed point that is reached (1 is the other fixed point of the x -> A181819(x) map).

Includes all integers whose prime signature a) contains two or more distinct numbers, and b) contains no number that occurs the same number of times as any other number. The first member of this sequence that does not fit that description is 75675600, whose prime signature is (4,3,2,2,1,1).

A full characterization is: Numbers whose prime signature (1) has not all equal multiplicities but (2) the numbers of distinct parts appearing with each distinct multiplicity are all equal. For example, the prime signature of 2520 is {1,1,2,3}, which satisfies (1) but fails (2), as the numbers of distinct parts appearing with each distinct multiplicity are 1 (with multiplicity 2, the part being 1) and 2 (with multiplicity 1, the parts being 2 and 3). Hence the sequence does not contain 2520. - Gus Wiseman, Jan 02 2019

LINKS

Amiram Eldar, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Fixed Point

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Map

EXAMPLE

1. 180 requires exactly five iterations under the x -> A181819(x) map to reach a fixed point (namely, 2).  A181819(180) = 18;  A181819(18) = 6; A181819(6) = 4; A181819(4) = 3;  A181819(3) = 2 (and A181819(2) = 2).

2. The prime signature of 180 (2^2*3^2*5) is (2,2,1).

a. Two distinct numbers appear in (2,2,1) (namely, 1 and 2).

b. Neither 1 nor 2 appears in (2,2,1) the same number of times as any other number that appears there.

MATHEMATICA

Select[Range[1000], With[{sig=Sort[Last/@FactorInteger[#]]}, And[!SameQ@@Length/@Split[sig], SameQ@@Length/@Union/@GatherBy[sig, Length[Position[sig, #]]&]]]&] (* Gus Wiseman, Jan 02 2019 *)

CROSSREFS

Numbers n such that A182850(n) = 5. See also A182853, A182854.

Subsequence of A059404 and A182851.  Includes A085987 and A179642 as subsequences.

Cf. A001221, A001222, A006939, A062770, A071625, A118914, A181819, A181821, A182857, A323014, A323022, A323023.

Sequence in context: A217740 A123712 A178212 * A009129 A174292 A085987

Adjacent sequences:  A182852 A182853 A182854 * A182856 A182857 A182858

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Matthew Vandermast, Jan 04 2011

STATUS

approved

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Last modified November 12 13:43 EST 2019. Contains 329058 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)