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 A168358 Self-convolution square of A001246, which is the squares of Catalan numbers. 2
 1, 2, 9, 58, 458, 4120, 40569, 426842, 4723890, 54402904, 646992474, 7900772120, 98642862232, 1254984808672, 16227116787737, 212790354730842, 2824992774357362, 37915366854924952, 513837166842215970 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,2 LINKS Table of n, a(n) for n=0..18. FORMULA G.f.: A(x) = (1/x)*Series_Reversion(x/G(x)^2) where G(x) = g.f. of A006664, which is the number of irreducible systems of meanders. G.f.: A(x) = G(x*A(x))^2 where A(x/G(x)^2) = G(x)^2 where G(x) = g.f. of A006664. From Vaclav Kotesovec, Mar 10 2018: (Start) Recurrence: (n+1)^2*(n+2)^3*(4*n^2 - 5*n - 3)*a(n) = 4*(n+1)^2*(48*n^5 - 12*n^4 - 136*n^3 + 15*n^2 + 49*n - 30)*a(n-1) - 32*(96*n^7 - 312*n^6 + 104*n^5 + 580*n^4 - 630*n^3 + 80*n^2 + 91*n - 12)*a(n-2) + 1024*(n-2)^3*(2*n - 3)^2*(4*n^2 + 3*n - 4)*a(n-3). a(n) ~ (4/Pi - 1) * 2^(4*n + 3) / (Pi*n^3). (End) EXAMPLE G.f.: A(x) = 1 + 2*x + 9*x^2 + 58*x^3 + 458*x^4 + 4120*x^5 +... A(x)^(1/2) = 1 + x + 4*x^2 + 25*x^3 + 196*x^4 + 1764*x^5 + 17424*x^6 +...+ A001246(n)*x^n +... A(x) satisfies: A(x/G(x)^2) = G(x)^2 where G(x) = g.f. of A006664: G(x) = 1 + x + 2*x^2 + 8*x^3 + 46*x^4 + 322*x^5 + 2546*x^6 +...+ A006664(n)*x^n +... G(x)^2 = 1 + 2*x + 5*x^2 + 20*x^3 + 112*x^4 + 768*x^5 + 5984*x^6 +...+ A168357(n)*x^n +... MATHEMATICA Table[Sum[CatalanNumber[k]^2 * CatalanNumber[n-k]^2, {k, 0, n}], {n, 0, 20}] (* Vaclav Kotesovec, Mar 10 2018 *) PROG (PARI) {a(n)=local(C_2=vector(n+1, m, (binomial(2*m-2, m-1)/m)^2)); polcoeff(Ser(C_2)^2, n)} CROSSREFS Cf. A168357, A168344, A001246, A006664, A000108. Sequence in context: A224127 A366401 A116867 * A132608 A361598 A247329 Adjacent sequences: A168355 A168356 A168357 * A168359 A168360 A168361 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Paul D. Hanna, Nov 23 2009 STATUS approved

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Last modified December 11 08:46 EST 2023. Contains 367722 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)