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A165738 Rank deficiency (= dimension of the null space) of the n X n "Lights Out" puzzle on a torus. 3
0, 0, 4, 0, 8, 8, 0, 0, 4, 16, 0, 16, 0, 0, 12, 0, 16, 8, 0, 32, 4, 0, 0, 32, 8, 0, 4, 0, 0, 24, 40, 0, 44, 32, 8, 16, 0, 0, 4, 64, 0, 8, 0, 0, 12, 0, 0, 64, 0, 16, 20, 0, 0, 8, 8, 0, 4, 0, 0, 48, 0, 80, 52, 0, 56, 88, 0, 64, 4, 16, 0, 32, 0, 0, 12, 0, 0, 8, 0, 128, 4, 0, 0, 16, 24, 0, 4, 0, 0, 24 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,3

COMMENTS

The number of solutions to the puzzle is 2^a(n). If a(n)=0 then the puzzle has a unique solution.

REFERENCES

See A075462 for further references.

LINKS

Max Alekseyev and Thomas Buchholz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000. (Terms n=91 through n=1000 from Thomas Buchholz, May 20 2014)

M. Anderson and T. Feil, Turning Lights Out with Linear Algebra, Mathematics Magazine, 71 (1998), 300-303.

Andries E. Brouwer, Lights Out and Button Madness Games. [Gives theory and a(n) for n = 1..1000, Jun 19 2008]

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Lights Out Puzzle

FORMULA

a(n) <= 2n.

a(n) is a multiple of 4 and satisfies a(2n) = 2a(n). a(n+1) = 2 * A159257(n) + 4 if n = 2 (mod 3) and a(n+1) = 2 * A159257(n) otherwise. - Thomas Buchholz, May 22 2014

CROSSREFS

Cf. A159257.

Sequence in context: A078889 A176534 A154847 * A200604 A309038 A159468

Adjacent sequences:  A165735 A165736 A165737 * A165739 A165740 A165741

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Max Alekseyev, Sep 25 2009

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Thomas Buchholz, May 20 2014

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 8 04:31 EST 2019. Contains 329850 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)