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 A152887 Number of descents beginning with an even number and ending with an odd number in all permutations of {1,2,...,n}. 4
 0, 1, 2, 18, 72, 720, 4320, 50400, 403200, 5443200, 54432000, 838252800, 10059033600, 174356582400, 2440992153600, 47076277248000, 753220435968000, 16005934264320000, 288106816757760000, 6690480522485760000, 133809610449715200000, 3372002183332823040000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,3 COMMENTS a(n) is the number of ways to perform the following: Divide the set {1,2,...,n} into three pairwise disjoint subsets, A,B,C so that A union B union C = {1,2,...,n}. Let A contain an odd number of elements and B contain an even number of elements. Linearly order the elements within each subset. - Geoffrey Critzer, Sep 26 2011 REFERENCES Miklos Bona, A Walk Through Combinatorics, World Scientific Publishing Co., 2002, page 170. LINKS Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..400 FORMULA a(2n) = (2n-1)!*C(n+1,2); a(2n+1) = (2n)!*C(n+1,2). E.g.f.: x/((1-x^2)^2*(1-x)). - Geoffrey Critzer, Mar 03 2010 a(n) = (n-1)!*(2*n*(n+1)+(2*n+1)*(-1)^n-1)/16. - Bruno Berselli, Nov 07 2011 D-finite with recurrence a(n) -2*a(n-1) +(-n^2+2)*a(n-2) +n*(n-3)*a(n-3)=0. - R. J. Mathar, Jul 26 2022 Sum_{n>=2} 1/a(n) = 4*(CoshIntegral(1) - gamma - 1/e) + 2 = 4*(A099284 - A001620 - A068985) + 2. - Amiram Eldar, Jan 22 2023 EXAMPLE a(8) = 50400 because (i) the descent pairs can be chosen in 1+2+3+4 = 10 ways, namely (2,1), (4,1), (4,3), (6,1), (6,3), (6,5), (8,1), (8,3), (8,5), (8,7); (ii) they can be placed in 7 positions, namely (1,2), (2,3), (3,4), (4,5), (5,6), (6,7), (7,8); (iii) the remaining 6 entries can be permuted in 6! = 720 ways; 10*7*720 = 50400. MAPLE a := proc (n) if `mod`(n, 2) = 0 then factorial(n-1)*binomial((1/2)*n+1, 2) else factorial(n-1)*binomial((1/2)*n+1/2, 2) end if end proc: seq(a(n), n = 1 .. 22); MATHEMATICA CoefficientList[Series[x/((1 - x) (1 - x^2)^2), {x, 0, 20}], x]* Table[n!, {n, 0, 20}] (* Geoffrey Critzer, Mar 03 2010 *) PROG (Magma) [Factorial(n-1)*(2*n*(n+1)+(2*n+1)*(-1)^n-1)/16: n in [1..20]]; // Bruno Berselli, Nov 07 2011 CROSSREFS Cf. A152885, A152886. Cf. A001620, A068985, A099284. Sequence in context: A073976 A120361 A120358 * A098817 A197093 A034473 Adjacent sequences: A152884 A152885 A152886 * A152888 A152889 A152890 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Emeric Deutsch, Jan 19 2009 STATUS approved

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Last modified September 23 16:34 EDT 2023. Contains 365554 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)