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 A138540 Moment sequence of tr(A) in USp(6). 14
 1, 0, 1, 0, 3, 0, 15, 0, 104, 0, 909, 0, 9449, 0, 112398, 0, 1489410, 0, 21562086, 0, 336086022, 0, 5577242292, 0, 97671172836, 0, 1792348213025, 0, 34268124834495, 0, 679376016769260, 0, 13911118850603610, 0, 293220749128031010, 0 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,5 COMMENTS If A is a random matrix in the compact group USp(6) (6 X 6 complex matrices which are unitary and symplectic), then a(n) = E[(tr(A))^n] is the n-th moment of the trace of A. The multiplicity of the trivial representation in the n-th tensor power of the standard representation of USp(6). Number of returning walks of length n on a cubic lattice remaining in the chamber x >= y >= z >= 0. Under a generalized Sato-Tate conjecture, this is the moment sequence of the distribution of unitarized Frobenius traces a_p/sqrt(p) (as p varies), for almost all genus 3 curves. For genus g the mgf is A(z) = det[F_{i+j-2}(z)], 1<=i,j<=g, where F_m(z) = Sum_j binomial(m,j)(I_{2j-m}(2z)-I_{2j-m+2}) and I_k(z) is the hyperbolic Bessel function (of the first kind) of order k. Dimension of space of invariant tensors in n-th tensor power of natural representation of Sp(6). - Bruce Westbury, Dec 05 2014 LINKS Table of n, a(n) for n=0..35. David J. Grabiner and Peter Magyar, Random walks in Weyl chambers and the decomposition of tensor powers, Journal of Algebraic Combinatorics, vol. 2 (1993), no. 3, pp 239-260. Nicholas M. Katz and Peter Sarnak, Random Matrices, Frobenius Eigenvalues and Monodromy, AMS, 1999. Kiran S. Kedlaya and Andrew V. Sutherland, Hyperelliptic curves, L-polynomials and random matrices, arXiv:0803.4462 [math.NT], 2008-2010. G. Lachaud, On the distribution of the trace in the unitary symplectic group and the distribution of Frobenius, arXiv preprint arXiv:1506.06482 [math.AG], 2015. FORMULA mgf: A(z) = det[F_{i+j-2}(z)], 1<=i,j<=3, where F_m(z) = Sum_j binomial(m,j)(I_{2j-m}(2z)-I_{2j-m+2}(2z)) and I_k(z) is the hyperbolic Bessel function (of the first kind) of order k. EXAMPLE a(4)=3 because E[(tr(A)^4] = 3 for a random matrix A in USp(6). MATHEMATICA F[m_][z_] := Sum[Binomial[m, j] (BesselI[2j-m, 2z] - BesselI[2j-m+2, 2z]), {j, 0, m}]; A[z_] := Det[Table[F[i+j-2][z], {i, 1, 3}, {j, 1, 3}]]; a[n_] := a[n] = Derivative[n][A]; Table[Print[n, " ", a[n]]; a[n], {n, 0, 35}] (* Jean-François Alcover, Feb 17 2019 *) CROSSREFS Cf. A138349. Sequence in context: A334824 A167339 A277936 * A123023 A130637 A054882 Adjacent sequences: A138537 A138538 A138539 * A138541 A138542 A138543 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Andrew V. Sutherland, Mar 24 2008, Apr 01 2008 STATUS approved

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Last modified June 6 14:05 EDT 2023. Contains 363147 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)