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 A137998 Least k such that floor(16^n / 10^k) = 1, 2, 4 or 8 (mod 10), or zero if no such k exists. 1
 1, 2, 3, 0, 3, 1, 2, 2, 5, 4, 1, 4, 2, 4, 4, 1, 2, 4, 2, 2, 1, 3, 2, 7, 5, 1, 2, 4, 3, 3, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 1, 4, 2, 4, 3, 1, 2, 4, 2, 2, 1, 5, 2, 5, 3, 1, 2, 5, 7, 4, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 1, 3, 2, 7, 3, 1, 2, 4, 2, 2, 1, 12, 2, 3, 7, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 1, 3, 2, 5, 3, 1, 2, 3, 2, 2, 1, 6, 2, 3, 5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 3 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS Equivalent definition: position of least significant decimal digit in 16^n equal to one of {1,2,4,8}, or zero if none of these occur. Since this is the true meaning, the sequence is flagged "base", even if the actual definition does not explicitly refer to a base. This is related to A071071, i.e., the conjecture by J. Shallit that {1,2,4,8,65536} is a minimal set for powers of 2 written in base 10. This amounts to saying that any power of 2 contains either a digit among {1,2,4,8}, or 65536 as subword (obtained by deleting zero or more digits of the number). Any power 2^k ends in a digit among {1,2,4,8} except for k=4n, n>0, in which case 2^k=16^n ends in 6. The present sequence gives the position of the first digit (starting with units) of these powers which is among {1,2,4,8}. It appears as if 16^4=65536 is the only power of 2 which does not contain any of these four digits. This would imply the conjecture (and be an even stronger statement). The sequence has a repeating pattern of length 25 of the form ( 1 2 A B C 1 2 2 D E 1 F 2 G H 1 2 J 2 2 1 K 2 L M )... where A-M follow again a repeating pattern: A=(3,p,q,3,3)... ; C=(3,3,r,s,3)...; D=(t,3,3,3,u)...; etc. LINKS J. Shallit, Minimal primes, J. Recreational Mathematics 30 (2) (1999-2000), 113-117. EXAMPLE a(1)=1 since 16^1 has a 1 in position 1 (10^1). a(2)=2 since 16^2=256 has a 2 in position 2 (10^2). a(3)=3 since 16^3=4096 has a 4 in position 3 (10^3). a(4)=0 since 16^4=65536 has no digit 1,2,4 or 8. If we arrange the terms in a 25-column matrix, we can see the pattern: [1 2 3 0 3 1 2 2 5 4 1 4 2 4 4 1 2 4 2 2 1  3 2 7 5] [1 2 4 3 3 1 2 2 3 4 1 4 2 4 3 1 2 4 2 2 1  5 2 5 3] [1 2 5 7 4 1 2 2 3 4 1 3 2 7 3 1 2 4 2 2 1 12 2 3 7] [1 2 3 5 7 1 2 2 3 4 1 3 2 5 3 1 2 3 2 2 1  6 2 3 5] [1 2 3 4 3 1 2 2 5 3 1 3 2 3 8 1 2 5 2 2 1  4 2 3 4] [1 2 3 4 3 1 2 2 6 5 1 6 2 5 4 1 2 5 2 2 1  3 2 5 4] [1 2 7 3 3 1 2 2 3 7 1 8 2 7 3 1 2 5 2 2 1  7 2 4 3] [1 2 4 5 4 1 2 2 3 7 1 3 2 4 3 1 2 4 2 2 1  4 2 3 5] [1 2 3 4 4 1 2 2 3 7 1 3 2 6 3 1 2 3 2 2 1  4 2 3 8] [1 2 3 5 3 1 2 2 4 3 1 3 2 3 4 1 2 6 2 2 1  5 2 3 6] [1 2 3 4 3 1 2 2 9 4 1 5 2 4 5 1 2 8 2 2 1  3 2 4 5] etc. PROG (PARI) A137998(n, S=Vec("1248"))={ forstep( i=#n=Vec(Str(16^n)), 1, -1, setsearch(S, n[i]) & return( #n-i ))} (PARI) t=0; matrix(25, 20/*# of rows*/, i, j, A137998(t++))~ CROSSREFS Cf. A071071. Sequence in context: A317948 A334291 A051910 * A316590 A080593 A319148 Adjacent sequences:  A137995 A137996 A137997 * A137999 A138000 A138001 KEYWORD base,easy,nonn AUTHOR M. F. Hasler, Mar 26 2008 STATUS approved

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Last modified May 16 12:30 EDT 2021. Contains 343947 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)