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A132399 Number of ordered ways of writing n = i + j, where i is 0 or a prime and j is a triangular number (A000217) >= 0. 18
1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 2, 3, 1, 3, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 1, 4, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 4, 2, 1, 3, 1, 3, 3, 2, 2, 4, 2, 3, 2, 1, 2, 4, 3, 2, 4, 1, 3, 4, 2, 2, 6, 2, 2, 3, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 2, 1, 6, 1, 3, 3, 2, 3, 6, 3, 1, 4, 2, 4, 6, 1, 3, 4, 2, 4, 3, 3, 4, 5, 2, 3, 4, 1, 3, 7, 1, 2, 4, 2, 3, 5, 2, 4, 5, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 6 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,4

COMMENTS

Based on a posting by Zhi-Wei Sun to the Number Theory Mailing List, Mar 23 2008, where he conjectures that a(n) > 0 except for n = 216.

Zhi-Wei Sun has offered a monetary reward for settling this conjecture.

No counter-example below 10^10. - D. S. McNeil

Note that A076768 contains 216 and the numbers n whose only representation has 0 instead of a prime; all other integers appear to be the sum of a prime and a triangular number. Except for n=216, there is no other n < 2*10^9 for which a(n)=0.

It is clear that a(t) > 0 for any triangular number t because we always have the representation t = t+0. Triangular numbers tend to have only a few representations. Hence by not plotting a(n) for triangular n, the plot (see link) more clearly shows how a(n) slowly increases as n increases. This is more evidence that 216 is the only exception.

216 is the only exception less than 10^12. Let p(n) be the least prime (or 0 if n is triangular) such that n = p(n) + t(n), where t(n) is a triangular number. For n < 10^12, the largest value of p(n) is only 2297990273, which occurs at n=882560134401. - T. D. Noe, Jan 23 2009

LINKS

T. D. Noe, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000

T. D. Noe, Plot of A132399(n) for n to 10^6

Zhi-Wei Sun, Posing to Number Theory List (1)

Zhi-Wei Sun, Posting to Number Theory List (2)

Zhi-Wei Sun, Conjectures on sums of primes and triangular numbers, J. Combin. Number Theory 1 (2009) 65-76 and arXiv:0803.3737

EXAMPLE

0 = 0+0, so a(0) = 1,

3 = 3+0 = 2+1 = 0+3, so a(3) = 3.

8 = 7+1 = 5+3 = 2+6, so a(8) = 3.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A117054, A144590.

Cf. A065397 (primes p whose only representation as the sum of a prime and a triangular number is p+0), A090302 (largest prime p for each n).

Cf. A154752 (smallest prime p for each n). - T. D. Noe, Jan 19 2009

Sequence in context: A079722 A079723 A080511 * A287616 A081485 A100337

Adjacent sequences:  A132396 A132397 A132398 * A132400 A132401 A132402

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, Mar 23 2008

EXTENSIONS

Corrected, edited and extended by T. D. Noe, Mar 26 2008

Edited by N. J. A. Sloane, Jan 15 2009

STATUS

approved

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Last modified June 19 19:03 EDT 2019. Contains 324222 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)