

A132399


Number of ordered ways of writing n = i + j, where i is 0 or a prime and j is a triangular number (A000217) >= 0.


18



1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 2, 3, 1, 3, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 1, 4, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 4, 2, 1, 3, 1, 3, 3, 2, 2, 4, 2, 3, 2, 1, 2, 4, 3, 2, 4, 1, 3, 4, 2, 2, 6, 2, 2, 3, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 2, 1, 6, 1, 3, 3, 2, 3, 6, 3, 1, 4, 2, 4, 6, 1, 3, 4, 2, 4, 3, 3, 4, 5, 2, 3, 4, 1, 3, 7, 1, 2, 4, 2, 3, 5, 2, 4, 5, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 6
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OFFSET

0,4


COMMENTS

Based on a posting by ZhiWei Sun to the Number Theory Mailing List, Mar 23 2008, where he conjectures that a(n) > 0 except for n = 216.
ZhiWei Sun has offered a monetary reward for settling this conjecture.
No counterexample below 10^10.  D. S. McNeil
Note that A076768 contains 216 and the numbers n whose only representation has 0 instead of a prime; all other integers appear to be the sum of a prime and a triangular number. Except for n=216, there is no other n < 2*10^9 for which a(n)=0.
It is clear that a(t) > 0 for any triangular number t because we always have the representation t = t+0. Triangular numbers tend to have only a few representations. Hence by not plotting a(n) for triangular n, the plot (see link) more clearly shows how a(n) slowly increases as n increases. This is more evidence that 216 is the only exception.
216 is the only exception less than 10^12. Let p(n) be the least prime (or 0 if n is triangular) such that n = p(n) + t(n), where t(n) is a triangular number. For n < 10^12, the largest value of p(n) is only 2297990273, which occurs at n=882560134401.  T. D. Noe, Jan 23 2009


LINKS

T. D. Noe, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000
T. D. Noe, Plot of A132399(n) for n to 10^6
ZhiWei Sun, Posing to Number Theory List (1)
ZhiWei Sun, Posting to Number Theory List (2)
ZhiWei Sun, Conjectures on sums of primes and triangular numbers, J. Combin. Number Theory 1 (2009) 6576 and arXiv:0803.3737


EXAMPLE

0 = 0+0, so a(0) = 1,
3 = 3+0 = 2+1 = 0+3, so a(3) = 3.
8 = 7+1 = 5+3 = 2+6, so a(8) = 3.


CROSSREFS

Cf. A117054, A144590.
Cf. A065397 (primes p whose only representation as the sum of a prime and a triangular number is p+0), A090302 (largest prime p for each n).
Cf. A154752 (smallest prime p for each n).  T. D. Noe, Jan 19 2009
Sequence in context: A079722 A079723 A080511 * A287616 A081485 A100337
Adjacent sequences: A132396 A132397 A132398 * A132400 A132401 A132402


KEYWORD

nonn,easy


AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, Mar 23 2008


EXTENSIONS

Corrected, edited and extended by T. D. Noe, Mar 26 2008
Edited by N. J. A. Sloane, Jan 15 2009


STATUS

approved



