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A128103 Number of permutations of [n] with an even number of rises. 2
1, 1, 1, 2, 12, 68, 360, 2384, 20160, 185408, 1814400, 19781504, 239500800, 3124694528, 43589145600, 652885305344, 10461394944000, 177948646719488, 3201186852864000, 60808005761859584, 1216451004088320000, 25547946834881282048, 562000363888803840000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,4

LINKS

Alois P. Heinz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..400

F. C. S. Brown, T. M. A. Fink and K. Willbrand, On arithmetic and asymptotic properties of up-down numbers, arXiv:math/0607763 [math.CO], 2006.

FORMULA

E.g.f.: 1 + 1/2 [z/(1-z) + tanh(z) ].

a(n) = A000142(n) - A262745(n).

If n is even, a(n) = (n)!/2 (A002674), if n is odd, a(n) = (n)! * (1 + (-1)^((n-1)/2) * A002430((n+1)/2) / A036279((n+1)/2)) / 2. - Michel Marcus, Dec 09 2012

Conjecture: a(n) = Sum_{k = 0..n} Sum_{j = 0..k} (-1)^(n+j)*binomial(n,k-j)*j^n. - Peter Bala, Jan 22 2020

MAPLE

b:= proc(u, o, t) option remember; `if`(u+o=0, t,

      add(b(u-j, o+j-1, t), j=1..u)+

      add(b(u+j-1, o-j, 1-t), j=1..o))

    end:

a:= n-> b(n, 0, 1):

seq(a(n), n=0..25);  # Alois P. Heinz, Sep 29 2015

MATHEMATICA

b[u_, o_, t_] := b[u, o, t] = If[u + o == 0, t, Sum[b[u - j, o + j - 1, t], {j, 1, u}] + Sum[b[u + j - 1, o - j, 1 - t], {j, 1, o}]];

a[n_] := b[n, 0, 1];

Table[a[n], {n, 0, 25}] (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Jul 25 2017, after Alois P. Heinz *)

PROG

(PARI) x='x+O('x^99); Vec(serlaplace((x/(1-x)+tanh(x))/2+1)) \\ Altug Alkan, Jul 25 2017

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000142, A002674, A002430, A036279, A262745.

Sequence in context: A056636 A174327 A245997 * A329789 A245854 A078839

Adjacent sequences:  A128100 A128101 A128102 * A128104 A128105 A128106

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Ralf Stephan, May 09 2007

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Alois P. Heinz, Sep 29 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified November 28 12:19 EST 2020. Contains 338720 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)