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A124699 Number of base 6 circular n-digit numbers with adjacent digits differing by 1 or less. 1
1, 6, 16, 36, 92, 236, 622, 1658, 4468, 12132, 33146, 90998, 250802, 693426, 1922118, 5339006, 14854932, 41387764, 115438672, 322267784, 900314242, 2516648618, 7038066876, 19690060024, 55102545322, 154241612986 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

[Empirical] a(base,n)=a(base-1,n)+A002426(n+1) for base>=1.int(n/2)+1

a(n) = T(n, 6) where T(n, k) = Sum_{j=1..k} (1+2*cos(j*Pi/(k+1)))^n. These are the number of smooth cyclic words of length n over the alphabet {1,2,..,6}. See theorem 3.3 in Knopfmacher and others, reference in A124696. - Peter Luschny, Aug 13 2012

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..25.

FORMULA

Conjectures from Colin Barker, Jun 04 2017: (Start)

G.f.: (1 - 10*x^2 + 27*x^4 - 8*x^5 - 5*x^6) / ((1 - 2*x - x^2 + x^3)*(1 - 4*x + 3*x^2 + x^3)).

a(n) = 6*a(n-1) - 10*a(n-2) + 9*a(n-4) - 2*a(n-5) - a(n-6) for n>6.

(End)

PROG

(S/R) stvar $[N]:(0..M-1) init $[]:=0 asgn $[]->{*} kill +[i in 0..N-1](($[i]`-$[(i+1)mod N]`>1)+($[(i+1)mod N]`-$[i]`>1))

CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A120586 A171373 A048487 * A237601 A064602 A346375

Adjacent sequences:  A124696 A124697 A124698 * A124700 A124701 A124702

KEYWORD

nonn,base

AUTHOR

R. H. Hardin, Dec 28 2006

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 18 13:54 EDT 2021. Contains 347527 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)