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A106546 a(n) = n^2 if n^2 is the difference of two primes, otherwise a(n) = 0. 5
1, 4, 9, 16, 0, 36, 0, 64, 81, 100, 0, 144, 0, 196, 225, 256, 0, 324, 0, 400, 441, 484, 0, 576, 0, 676, 0, 784, 0, 900, 0, 1024, 1089, 1156, 0, 1296, 0, 1444, 1521, 1600, 0, 1764, 0, 1936, 2025, 2116, 0, 2304, 0, 2500, 0, 2704, 0, 2916, 0, 3136, 3249, 3364, 0, 3600, 0 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

For odd n, n^2 is odd so the two primes must be opposite in parity. Lesser prime must be 2 and greater prime must be n^2+2. Thus for odd n, n^2 is the difference of two primes iff n^2+2 is prime.

An odd difference can be obtained only by subtracting 2 from some prime > 2, hence a(n) = 0 if n is odd and n^2+2 is composite.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..61.

FORMULA

n^2 - A106546 gives perfect squares which are not the difference of two primes (otherwise 0).

EXAMPLE

a(6) = 6^2 = 36 = 41-5 (two primes).

a(5) = 0 and a(7) = 0 because 5^2+2 =27 = 3*3*3 and 7^2+2 =51 = 3*17 are composite.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A106544-A106548, A106562-A106564, A106571, A106573-A106575, A106577.

Sequence in context: A337568 A070447 A106548 * A276191 A007893 A070446

Adjacent sequences:  A106543 A106544 A106545 * A106547 A106548 A106549

KEYWORD

easy,nonn

AUTHOR

Alexandre Wajnberg, May 08 2005

EXTENSIONS

Edited and extended by Klaus Brockhaus and Ray Chandler, May 12 2005

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 30 10:25 EDT 2020. Contains 338078 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)