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A106545 a(n) = n^2 if n^2 is the sum of two primes, otherwise a(n) = 0. 3
0, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 100, 0, 144, 169, 196, 225, 256, 0, 324, 361, 400, 441, 484, 0, 576, 0, 676, 729, 784, 841, 900, 0, 1024, 1089, 1156, 1225, 1296, 1369, 1444, 0, 1600, 0, 1764, 1849, 1936, 0, 2116, 2209, 2304, 2401, 2500, 0, 2704, 0, 2916, 3025 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

For odd n, n^2 is odd so the two primes must be opposite in parity. Lesser prime must be 2 and greater prime must be n^2-2. Thus for odd n, n^2 is the sum of two primes iff n^2-2 is prime.

LINKS

Harvey P. Dale, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000

FORMULA

a(n) = n^2 - A106544(n).

EXAMPLE

a(2) = 2^2 = 4 = 2+2, a(5) = 5^2 = 25 = 23+2 (two primes).

a(1) = 0 because the sum of two primes is at least 4 and a(11) = 0 because 11^2 - 2 = 119 = 7*17 is composite.

MATHEMATICA

stpQ[n_]:=If[OddQ[n], PrimeQ[n^2-2], AnyTrue[n^2-Prime[Range[ PrimePi[ n^2]]], PrimeQ]]; Table[If[stpQ[n], n^2, 0], {n, 60}] (* The program uses the AnyTrue function from Mathematica version 10 *) (* Harvey P. Dale, Jul 21 2018 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A106544-A106548, A106562-A106564, A106571, A106573-A106575, A106577.

Sequence in context: A035121 A080151 A292679 * A169920 A093837 A194148

Adjacent sequences:  A106542 A106543 A106544 * A106546 A106547 A106548

KEYWORD

easy,nonn

AUTHOR

Alexandre Wajnberg, May 08 2005

EXTENSIONS

Edited and extended by Klaus Brockhaus and Ray Chandler, May 12 2005

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 6 15:15 EDT 2021. Contains 343586 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)