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A102911 Number of unlabeled (and unrooted) trees on 2n nodes with a bicentroid. 7
0, 1, 1, 3, 10, 45, 210, 1176, 6670, 41041, 258840, 1697403, 11359761, 77956341, 543625851, 3855429766, 27702225271, 201515674128, 1481195012220, 10991843660826, 82256068767106, 620288742329028, 4709854127998971, 35987845277616940, 276563426284762620 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,4

COMMENTS

A tree has either a center or a bicenter and either a centroid or a bicentroid. (These terms were introduced by Jordan.)

If the number of edges in a longest path in the tree is 2m, then the middle node in the path is the unique center, otherwise the two middle nodes in the path are the unique bicenters.

On the other hand, define the weight of a node P to be the greatest number of nodes in any subtree connected to P. Then either there is a unique node of minimal weight, the centroid of the tree, or there is a unique pair of minimal weight nodes, the bicentroids.

A 2n-node tree with a bicentroid consists of two n-node rooted trees with the roots joined by an edge.

REFERENCES

F. Harary, Graph Theory, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1994; pp. 35, 36.

LINKS

N. J. A. Sloane, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..200

A. Cayley, On the analytical forms called trees, Amer. J. Math., 4 (1881), 266-268.

C. Jordan, Sur les assemblages des lignes, J. Reine angew. Math., 70 (1869), 185-190.

E. M. Rains and N. J. A. Sloane, On Cayley's Enumeration of Alkanes (or 4-Valent Trees), J. Integer Sequences, Vol. 2 (1999), Article 99.1.1. [This articles states incorrectly that A000676 and A000677 give the numbers of trees with respectively a centroid and bicentroid.]

FORMULA

a(n) = r(n)*(r(n)+1)/2 where r(n) = A000081(n) is the number of rooted trees on n nodes.

Let f(n) = a(n/2) if n is even, = 0 otherwise. Then f(n) + A027416(n) = A000055(n).

CROSSREFS

Cf. A027416 (trees with a centroid), A000676 (trees with a center), A000677 (trees with a bicenter), A000055 (trees), A000081 (rooted trees).

Sequence in context: A009648 A007125 A247053 * A096752 A293554 A346066

Adjacent sequences:  A102908 A102909 A102910 * A102912 A102913 A102914

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane and David Applegate, Feb 26 2007

STATUS

approved

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Last modified July 29 05:30 EDT 2021. Contains 346340 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)