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A102765 Array read by antidiagonals: T(n, k) = ((n+4)^k-(n-1)^k)/5. 0
0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 3, 0, 1, 5, 13, 0, 1, 7, 25, 51, 0, 1, 9, 43, 125, 205, 0, 1, 11, 67, 259, 625, 819, 0, 1, 13, 97, 477, 1555, 3125, 3277, 0, 1, 15, 133, 803, 3355, 9331, 15625, 13107, 0, 1, 17, 175, 1261, 6505, 23517, 55987, 78125, 52429, 0, 1, 19, 223, 1875, 11605 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,6

COMMENTS

Consider a 5x5 matrix M =

[n, 1, 1, 1, 1]

[1, n, 1, 1, 1]

[1, 1, n, 1, 1]

[1, 1, 1, n, 1]

[1, 1, 1, 1, n].

The n-th row of the array contains the values of the non diagonal elements of M^k, k=0,1,.... (Corresponding diagonal entry = non diagonal entry + (n-1)^k.)

For row r we have polynomial ((r+4)^n-(r-1)^n)/5. Corresponding g.f.s: x/((1-(r-1)x)(1-(r+4)x))

If r(n) denotes a row sequence, r(n+1)/r(n) converges to n+4.

Triangle T(n, k) = (4^(n-k-1)-(-1)^(n-k-1))/5*(binomial(k+(n-k-1),n-k-1)) gives coefficients for polynomials for the columns of the array. First four polynomial are:

  1

  3 + 2*k

  13 + 9*k + 3*k^2

  51 + 52*k + 18*k^2 + 4*k^3

  ...

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..60.

EXAMPLE

Array begins:

  0, 1,  3, 13,  51,  205, ...

  0, 1,  5, 25, 125,  625, ...

  0, 1,  7, 43, 259, 1555, ...

  0, 1,  9, 67, 477, 3355, ...

  0, 1, 11, 97, 803, 6505, ...

  ...

PROG

(PARI) MM(n, N)=local(M); M=matrix(n, n); for(i=1, n, for(j=1, n, if(i==j, M[i, j]=N, M[i, j]=1))); M

for(k=0, 10, for(i=0, 10, print1((MM(5, k)^i)[1, 2], ", ")); print())

(PARI) p(n, k)=((n+4)^k-(n-1)^k)/5

for(k=0, 10, for(i=0, 10, print1(p(k, i), ", ")); print())

(PARI) for(k=0, 10, for(i=0, 10, print1(polcoeff(x/((1-(k-1)*x)*(1-(k+4)*x)), i), ", ")); print())

CROSSREFS

Cf. A015521 (for n=0), A000351 (for n=1), A003464 (for n=2), A016130 (for n=3), A016140 (for n=4), A016153 (for n=5), A016164 (for n=6), A016174 (for n=7), A016184 (for n=8), A015441 (for n=-1), A091005 (for n=-2).

Sequence in context: A046778 A119925 A210663 * A129684 A247255 A105147

Adjacent sequences:  A102762 A102763 A102764 * A102766 A102767 A102768

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

Lambert Klasen (lambert.klasen(AT)gmx.net) and Gary W. Adamson, Feb 10 2005

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 17 23:07 EDT 2022. Contains 353779 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)