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A092749 a(n) is the least k such that m^2 + m + k is prime for m = 0..n. 4
2, 3, 5, 5, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 17, 17, 17, 17, 17, 17, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41, 41 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,1

COMMENTS

From Pieter Moree (moree(AT)mpim-bonn.mpg.de), Apr 16 2004: (Start)

The numbers 2, 3, 5, 11, 17, and 41 above are the only numbers B such that m^2+m+B is prime for m=0,...,B-2; this can be proved (see Mollin's paper) and is closely related to the celebrated Rabinowitsch criterion.

Since the value of m^2+m+B is B^2 for m=B-1, one cannot possibly do better than this.

An obvious question of course is whether for given n, a(n) exists at all. This is far from obvious. Assuming the generally believed k-tuplets conjecture, the answer is yes as was shown by Andrew Granville. For a proof (which is not very difficult) see the paper by Mollin.

It is also known, due to work of Lukes, Patterson and Williams, that any further elements in the above sequence, if they exist, exceed 10^18.

(End)

George Bright conjectured that a(n) exists for every n (private communication, 1974; see Dudley). - Charles R Greathouse IV, Sep 12 2013

Least prime in a succession of primes whose difference are n consecutive even numbers. - Robert G. Wilson v, Sep 30 2013

From Altug Alkan, Oct 06 2017: (Start)

Let b_i(n) be the least k such that i*(m^2 + m) + k is prime for m = 0..n and this sequence be the b_1(n) and b_3(n) be the A256302(n). Some initial values of b_i(n) for 2 <= i <= 7 are:

b_2(n): 2, 3, 7, 7, 7, 7, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19.

b_4(n): 2, 3, 5, 5, 23, 59, 59, 59, 59, 59, 59, 59, 59, 59, 653, 653, 653, 653.

b_5(n): 2, 3, 7, 7, 7, 7, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13.

b_6(n): 2, 5, 5, 7, 7, 11, 11, 11, 11, 17, 17, 17, 17, 17, 17, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31.

b_7(n): 2, 3, 5, 5, 17, 17, 17, 17, 17, 17, 17, 17, 17, 17, 17, 17. (End)

REFERENCES

Underwood Dudley, Mathematical Cranks, MAA: Washington, DC, 1992. See pp. 62f.

R. F. Lukes, C. D. Patterson, and H. C. Williams, Numerical sieving devices: their history and some applications, Nieuw Archief Wisk. 13 (1995), pp. 113-139.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..39.

R. A. Mollin, Prime-producing quadratics, Amer. Math. Monthly 104 (1997), 529-544.

EXAMPLE

a(1) = 3 because 0^2 + 0 + 3 = 3 is prime and 1^2 + 1 + 3 = 5 is prime and it is the smallest number with the required properties.

a(2) = 5 because 5, 7, and 11 are primes; a(3) = 5 because 5, 7, 11, and 17 are primes; a(4) = 11 because 11, 13, 17, 23, and 31 are prime. - Robert G. Wilson v, Sep 30 2013

MATHEMATICA

allPrime[n_, k_] := And @@ PrimeQ[Table[m^2 + m + k, {m, 0, n}]]; Table[k = 0; While[! allPrime[n, k], k++]; k, {n, 0, 39}] (* T. D. Noe, Mar 05 2012 *)

f[n_] := Block[{p = FoldList[#1 + #2 &, 1, 2 Range@ n]}, While[ Union[ PrimeQ@ p][[1]] == False, p = p + 2]; p[[1]]]; f[0] = 2; Array[f, 40, 0] (* Robert G. Wilson v, Sep 30 2013 *)

PROG

(PARI) isok(k, n) = {for (m=0, n, if (!isprime(m^2 + m + k), return(0)); ); return (1); }

a(n) = {my(k = 0); while(!isok(k, n), k++); k; } \\ Michel Marcus, Oct 06 2017

CROSSREFS

Cf. A014556.

Sequence in context: A326229 A326187 A071850 * A152076 A133278 A050368

Adjacent sequences:  A092746 A092747 A092748 * A092750 A092751 A092752

KEYWORD

nonn,more

AUTHOR

Gabriel Cunningham (gcasey(AT)mit.edu), Apr 12 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 16 03:26 EDT 2019. Contains 328038 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)