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 A080827 Rounded up staircase on natural numbers. 13
 1, 3, 5, 9, 13, 19, 25, 33, 41, 51, 61, 73, 85, 99, 113, 129, 145, 163, 181, 201, 221, 243, 265, 289, 313, 339, 365, 393, 421, 451, 481, 513, 545, 579, 613, 649, 685, 723, 761, 801, 841, 883, 925, 969, 1013, 1059, 1105, 1153, 1201, 1251, 1301, 1353, 1405, 1459 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS Represents the 'rounded up' staircase diagonal on A000027, arranged as a square array. A000982 is the 'rounded down' staircase. a(1)= 1, a(2n) = a(2n-1) + 2n, a(2n+1) = a(2n) +2n. - Amarnath Murthy, May 07 2003 Partial sums of A131055. - Paul Barry, Jun 14 2008 The same sequence arises in the triangular array of integers >= 1 according to a simple "zig zag" rule for selection of terms. a(n-1) lies in the (n-1)-th row of the array and the second row of that subarray (with apex a(n-1)) contains just two numbers, one odd one even. The one with the same (odd) parity as a(n-1) is a(n). - David James Sycamore, Jul 29 2018 LINKS Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000 J. C. F. de Winter, Using the Student's t-test with extremely small sample sizes, Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 18(10), 2013. David James Sycamore, Triangular array. Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (2,0,-2,1). FORMULA a(n) = ceiling((n^2+1)/2). G.f.: x*(1+x-x^2+x^3)/((1+x)(1-x)^3); a(n) = n*(n+1)/2-floor((n-1)/2). - Paul Barry, Apr 12 2008 [corrected by R. J. Mathar, Jul 14 2013] From Wesley Ivan Hurt, Sep 08 2015: (Start) a(n) = 2*a(n-1) - 2*a(n-3) + a(n-4), n > 4. a(n) = (n^2 + 2 - (1 - (-1)^n)/2)/2. a(n) = floor(n^2/2) + 1 = A007590(n-1) + 1. (End) Sum_{n>=1} 1/a(n) = tanh(Pi/2)*Pi/2 + coth(Pi/sqrt(2))*Pi/(2*sqrt(2)) - 1/2. - Amiram Eldar, Sep 15 2022 MAPLE A080827:=n->(n^2+2-(1-(-1)^n)/2)/2: seq(A080827(n), n=1..100); # Wesley Ivan Hurt, Sep 08 2015 MATHEMATICA s1=0; lst={}; Do[s1+=n; If[EvenQ[s1], s1-=1]; AppendTo[lst, s1], {n, 6!}]; lst (* Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky, Jun 06 2009 *) CoefficientList[Series[(1 + x - x^2 + x^3) / ((1 + x) (1 - x)^3), {x, 0, 40}], x] (* Vincenzo Librandi, Aug 05 2013 *) PROG (Magma) [n*(n+1)/2-Floor((n-1)/2) : n in [1..60]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Aug 05 2013 (GAP) List([1..10], n->Int(n^2/2)+1); # Muniru A Asiru, Aug 02 2018 CROSSREFS Apart from leading term identical to A099392. Cf. A000027, A000982, A007590, A131055. Sequence in context: A118028 A209974 A099392 * A200919 A213207 A102378 Adjacent sequences: A080824 A080825 A080826 * A080828 A080829 A080830 KEYWORD nonn,easy AUTHOR Paul Barry, Feb 28 2003 STATUS approved

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Last modified March 29 16:13 EDT 2023. Contains 361599 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)