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A078942 Flipping burnt pancakes. Given a sorted stack of n burnt pancakes of different sizes (smallest on top, ..., largest at the bottom), each with its burnt side up, a(n) is the number of spatula flips needed to restore them to their initial order but with the burnt sides down. 2
1, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 28, 29 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

In a 'spatula flip', a spatula is inserted below any pancake and all pancakes above the spatula are lifted and replaced in reverse order.

It is conjectured that this initial configuration is a worst case for the general problem of sorting burnt pancakes. If so, then this sequence is identical to A078941.

REFERENCES

David S. Cohen and Manuel Blum, "On the problem of sorting burnt pancakes", Discrete Applied Math., 61 (1995) 105-120.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..18.

Douglas B. West, The Pancake Problems (1975, 1979, 1973) - From N. J. A. Sloane, Jul 26 2012

FORMULA

a(n) <= A078941(n). a(n+1) <= a(n) + 2. 3n/2 <= a(n) <= 47n/30 + c for some constant c.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A078941, A058986.

Sequence in context: A134331 A090334 A078941 * A186389 A039767 A176235

Adjacent sequences:  A078939 A078940 A078941 * A078943 A078944 A078945

KEYWORD

nonn,more

AUTHOR

Dean Hickerson (dean.hickerson(AT)yahoo.com), Dec 18 2002

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 23 04:33 EDT 2014. Contains 240909 sequences.