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A075432 Primes with no squarefree neighbors. 14
17, 19, 53, 89, 97, 127, 149, 151, 163, 197, 199, 233, 241, 251, 269, 271, 293, 307, 337, 349, 379, 449, 487, 491, 521, 523, 557, 577, 593, 631, 701, 727, 739, 751, 773, 809, 811, 881, 883, 919, 953, 991, 1013, 1049, 1051, 1061, 1063, 1097, 1151, 1171, 1249 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Complement of A075430 in A000040.

From Ludovicus (luiroto(AT)yahoo.com), Dec 07 2009: (Start)

I propose a shorter name: non-Euclidean primes. That is justified by the Euclid's demonstration of the infinitude of primes. It appears that the proportion of non-Euclidean primes respect to primes tend to the limit 1-2A where A = 0.37395581... is Artin's constant. This table calculated by Jens K. Andersen corroborates it:

     10^5:        2421 /       9592 = 0.2523978315

     10^6:       19812 /      78498 = 0.2523885958

     10^7:      167489 /     664579 = 0.2520227091

     10^8:     1452678 /    5761455 = 0.2521373507

     10^9:    12817966 /   50847534 = 0.2520862860

     10^10:  114713084 /  455052511 = 0.2520875750

     10^11: 1038117249 / 4118054813 = 0.2520892256

It comes close to the expected 1-2A. (End)

This sequence is infinite by Dirichlet's theorem, since there are infinitely many primes == 17 or 19 (mod 36) and these have no squarefree neighbors. Ludovicus's conjecture about density is correct. Capsule proof: either p-1 or p+1 is divisible by 4, so it suffices to consider the other number (without loss of generality, p+1). For some fixed bound L, p is not divisible by any prime q < L (with finitely many exceptions) so there are q^2 - q possible residue classes for p. The primes in each are uniformly distributed so the probability that p+1 is divisible by q^2 is 1/(q^2 - q). The product of the complements goes to 2A as L increases without bound, and since 2A is an upper bound the limit is sandwiched between. - Charles R Greathouse IV, Aug 27 2014

LINKS

Reinhard Zumkeller, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Pieter Moree, Artin's primitive root conjecture -a survey -, arXiv:math/0412262 [math.NT], 2004-2012.

Carlos Rivera, Conjecture 65. Non-Euclidean primes, The Prime Puzzles and Problems Connection.

FORMULA

a(n) ~ Cn log n, where C = 1/(1 - 2A) = 1/(1 - Product_{p>2 prime} (1 - 1/(p^2-p))), where A is the constant in A005596. - Charles R Greathouse IV, Aug 27 2014

MAPLE

filter:= n -> isprime(n) and not numtheory:-issqrfree(n+1) and not numtheory:-issqrfree(n-1):

select(filter, [seq(2*i+1, i=1..1000)]); # Robert Israel, Aug 27 2014

MATHEMATICA

lst={}; Do[p=Prime[n]; If[ !SquareFreeQ[Floor[p-1]] && !SquareFreeQ[Floor[p+1]], AppendTo[lst, p]], {n, 6!}]; lst (* Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky, Dec 20 2008 *)

Select[Prime[Range[300]], !SquareFreeQ[#-1]&&!SquareFreeQ[#+1]&] (* Harvey P. Dale, Apr 24 2014 *)

PROG

(Haskell)

a075432 n = a075432_list !! (n-1)

a075432_list = f [2, 4 ..] where

   f (u:vs@(v:ws)) | a008966 v == 1 = f ws

                   | a008966 u == 1 = f vs

                   | a010051' (u + 1) == 0 = f vs

                   | otherwise            = (u + 1) : f vs

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, May 04 2013

(PARI) is(n)=!issquarefree(if(n%4==1, n+1, n-1)) && isprime(n) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Aug 27 2014

CROSSREFS

Cf. A039787, A049097, A005117, A000040, A008966, A010051.

Sequence in context: A243437 A144709 A132239 * A232882 A232878 A226681

Adjacent sequences:  A075429 A075430 A075431 * A075433 A075434 A075435

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Reinhard Zumkeller, Sep 15 2002

EXTENSIONS

More terms (that were already in the b-file) from Jeppe Stig Nielsen, Apr 23 2020

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 12 11:55 EDT 2021. Contains 343821 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)