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 A065610 Smallest number m so that n^2 + A000330(m) is also a square, i.e., n^2 + (1 + 4 + 9 + 16 + ... + m^2) = w^2 for some w. 2
 1, 47, 2, 5, 767, 16, 1727, 22, 17, 13, 18, 112, 10, 70, 8, 10799, 12287, 21, 82, 17327, 31, 15, 255, 16, 10, 13, 9, 5, 49, 40367, 43199, 117, 17, 1630, 7, 58799, 10, 65711, 34, 73007, 49, 13, 64, 29, 17, 6, 9, 30, 42, 309, 8, 124847, 17, 31, 139967, 13, 150527, 15 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,2 COMMENTS I.e., a(n) is the least solution to n^2 + (x(x+1)(2x+1)/6) = w^2; a(n) is the length of shortest sum of consecutive squares from 1 to a(n) which when added to n^2 gives a new square. LINKS FORMULA n^2 + (1 + 4 + 9 + ... + a(n)^2) = w^2, where w depends also on n; i.e., sum of consecutive squares from 1, 4, ... to a(n)^2 + n^2 is also a square. EXAMPLE n = 3: a(3) = 5 because n^2 + 1 + 4 + 9 + 16 + 25 = 9 + (1 + 4 + 9 + 16 + 25) = 64 = 8*8; n = 4: a(4) = 767 because n^2 + (1 + 4 + ... + 767^2) = 150700176 = 12276*12726, where 767 is the length of the shortest such consecutive-square sequence which provides (when summed) a new square, namely 12276^2. Often the least solution is rather large. E.g., at n = 93, a(n) = 415151, which means that 93^2 + A000330(415151) = 8649 + (long square sum) = 154436265^2 = 23850559947150225 is the smallest such square number, sum odd distinct consecutive squares except one repetition(8649). MATHEMATICA s=n^2 Do[s=s+m^2; If[IntegerQ[Sqrt[s]], Print[m]], {m, 1, 500000}] (* gives solutions of which the smallest is entered into the sequence *) CROSSREFS Cf. A000330, A065311, A065312, A065313, A065314, A065315. Sequence in context: A340550 A009038 A051319 * A320342 A217423 A033367 Adjacent sequences:  A065607 A065608 A065609 * A065611 A065612 A065613 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Labos Elemer, Nov 07 2001 STATUS approved

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Last modified September 18 19:30 EDT 2021. Contains 347534 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)