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A059063 Card-matching numbers (Dinner-Diner matching numbers). 0
1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 120, 14400, 0, 360000, 0, 1440000, 0, 1440000, 0, 360000, 0, 14400, 3891456000, 26179200000, 83980800000, 171676800000, 249091200000, 270869184000, 226368000000, 150465600000, 77760000000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,7

COMMENTS

This is a triangle of card matching numbers. Two decks each have n kinds of cards, 5 of each kind. The first deck is laid out in order. The second deck is shuffled and laid out next to the first. A match occurs if a card from the second deck is next to a card of the same kind from the first deck. Triangle T(n,k) is the number of ways of achieving exactly k matches (k=0..5n). The probability of exactly k matches is T(n,k)/(5n)!.

rows are of length 1,6,11,16,...

REFERENCES

F. N. David and D. E. Barton, Combinatorial Chance, Hafner, NY, 1962, Ch. 7 and Ch. 12.

J. Riordan, An Introduction to Combinatorial Analysis, Wiley, 1958, pp. 174-178.

R. P. Stanley, Enumerative Combinatorics Volume I, Cambridge University Press, 1997, p. 71.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..26.

F. F. Knudsen and I. Skau, On the Asymptotic Solution of a Card-Matching Problem, Mathematics Magazine 69 (1996), 190-197.

Barbara H. Margolius, Dinner-Diner Matching Probabilities

B. H. Margolius, The Dinner-Diner Matching Problem, Mathematics Magazine, 76 (2003), 107-118.

S. G. Penrice, Derangements, permanents and Christmas presents, The American Mathematical Monthly 98(1991), 617-620.

Index entries for sequences related to card matching

FORMULA

G.f.: sum(coeff(R(x, n, k), x, j)*(t-1)^j*(n*k-j)!, j=0..n*k) where n is the number of kinds of cards, k is the number of cards of each kind (here k is 5) and R(x, n, k) is the rook polynomial given by R(x, n, k)=(k!^2*sum(x^j/((k-j)!^2*j!))^n (see Stanley or Riordan). coeff(R(x, n, k), x, j) indicates the of coefficient x^j of the rook polynomial.

EXAMPLE

There are 360,000 ways of matching exactly 2 cards when there are 2 different kinds of cards, 5 of each in each of the two decks so T(2,2)=360,000.

MAPLE

p := (x, k)->k!^2*sum(x^j/((k-j)!^2*j!), j=0..k); R := (x, n, k)->p(x, k)^n; f := (t, n, k)->sum(coeff(R(x, n, k), x, j)*(t-1)^j*(n*k-j)!, j=0..n*k);

for n from 0 to 4 do seq(coeff(f(t, n, 5), t, m), m=0..5*n); od;

MATHEMATICA

p[x_, k_] := k!^2*Sum[x^j/((k-j)!^2*j!), {j, 0, k}]; r[x_, n_, k_] := p[x, k]^n; f[t_, n_, k_] := Sum[Coefficient[r[x, n, k], x, j]*(t-1)^j*(n*k-j)!, {j, 0, n*k}]; k = 5; Table[ Table[ Coefficient[f[t, n, k], t, m], {m, 0, k*n}], {n, 0, 4}] // Flatten (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Oct 21 2013, after Maple *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A008290, A059056-A059071.

Sequence in context: A104592 A135379 A296913 * A224178 A223870 A224390

Adjacent sequences:  A059060 A059061 A059062 * A059064 A059065 A059066

KEYWORD

nonn,tabf,nice

AUTHOR

Barbara Haas Margolius (margolius(AT)math.csuohio.edu)

STATUS

approved

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Last modified July 24 12:47 EDT 2021. Contains 346273 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)