login
The OEIS Foundation is supported by donations from users of the OEIS and by a grant from the Simons Foundation.

 

Logo


Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A055845 a(n) = 4*a(n-1) - a(n-2) with a(0)=1, a(1)=8. 4
1, 8, 31, 116, 433, 1616, 6031, 22508, 84001, 313496, 1169983, 4366436, 16295761, 60816608, 226970671, 847066076, 3161293633, 11798108456, 44031140191, 164326452308, 613274669041, 2288772223856 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

REFERENCES

A. H. Beiler, Recreations in the Theory of Numbers, Dover, N.Y., 1964, pp. 194-196.

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

Tanya Khovanova, Recursive Sequences

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (4,-1).

FORMULA

a(n) = (8*((2+sqrt(3))^n - (2-sqrt(3))^n) - ((2+sqrt(3))^(n-1) - (2-sqrt(3))^(n-1)))/(2*sqrt(3)).

G.f.: (1+4*x)/(1-4*x+x^2).

a(n)^2 = 3*A144721(n)^2 - 11. - Sture Sjöstedt, Nov 30 2011

From G. C. Greubel, Jan 20 2020: (Start)

a(n) = ChebyshevU(n,2) + 4*ChebyshevU(n-1,2).

E.g.f.: exp(2*x)*( cosh(sqrt(3)*x) + 2*sqrt(3)*sinh(sqrt(3)*x) ). (End)

MAPLE

seq( simplify(ChebyshevU(n, 2) + 4*ChebyshevU(n-1, 2)), n=0..30); # G. C. Greubel, Jan 20 2020

MATHEMATICA

LinearRecurrence[{4, -1}, {1, 8}, 30]  (* Sture Sjöstedt, Nov 30 2011 *)

Table[ChebyshevU[n, 2] + 4*ChebyshevU[n-1, 2], {n, 0, 30}] (* G. C. Greubel, Jan 20 2020 *)

PROG

(PARI) a(n) = polchebyshev(n, 2, 2) + 4*polchebyshev(n-1, 2, 2); \\ G. C. Greubel, Jan 20 2020

(MAGMA) I:=[1, 8]; [n le 2 select I[n] else 4*Self(n-1) - Self(n-2): n in [1..30]]; // G. C. Greubel, Jan 20 2020

(Sage) [chebyshev_U(n, 2) +4*chebyshev_U(n-1, 2) for n in (0..30)] # G. C. Greubel, Jan 20 2020

(GAP) a:=[1, 8];; for n in [3..30] do a[n]:=4*a[n-1]-a[n-2]; od; a; # G. C. Greubel, Jan 20 2020

CROSSREFS

Cf. A054485.

Sequence in context: A335606 A320416 A289613 * A034556 A121097 A121093

Adjacent sequences:  A055842 A055843 A055844 * A055846 A055847 A055848

KEYWORD

easy,nonn

AUTHOR

Barry E. Williams, May 31 2000

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified July 8 22:01 EDT 2020. Contains 335537 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)