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A054877 Closed walks of length n along the edges of a pentagon based at a vertex. 8
1, 0, 2, 0, 6, 2, 20, 14, 70, 72, 254, 330, 948, 1430, 3614, 6008, 13990, 24786, 54740, 101118, 215766, 409640, 854702, 1652090, 3396916, 6643782, 13530350, 26667864, 53971350, 106914242, 215492564, 428292590, 860941798 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

In general a(n,m) = (2^n/m)*Sum_{k=0..m-1} Cos(2Pi*k/m)^n counts closed walks of length n at a vertex of the cyclic graph on m nodes C_m. Here we have the case m=5. - Herbert Kociemba, May 31 2004

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

FORMULA

a(n) = 2*A052964(n) for n>0.

G.f.: (1/5)*(1/(1-2*x) + 2*(2+x)/(1+x-x^2)).

a(n) = ( 2^n + 2*(-1)^n*( F(n+1) + F(n-1) ) )/5, where F(n) is the n-th Fibonacci number (cf. A000045).

a(n) = (2^n/5)*Sum_{k=0..4} Cos(2Pi*k/5)^n). - Herbert Kociemba, May 31 2004

Recurrence: a(n) = 5*(a(n-2) - a(n-4)) + 2*a(n-5). - Herbert Kociemba, Jun 04 2004

MATHEMATICA

CoefficientList[Series[(1/5)*(1/(1-2*x) +2*(2+x)/(1+x-x^2)), {x, 0, 40}], x] (* G. C. Greubel, Jun 07 2017 *)

PROG

(PARI) vector(40, n, n--; f=fibonacci; (2^n + 2*(-1)^n*(f(n+1)+f(n-1) ))/5) \\ G. C. Greubel, Jun 07 2017, modified Jul 19 2019

(MAGMA) [(2^n + 2*(-1)^n*Lucas(n))/5: n in [0..40]]; // G. C. Greubel, Jul 19 2019

(Sage) [(2^n + 2*(-1)^n*lucas_number2(n, 1, -1))/5 for n in (0..40)] # G. C. Greubel, Jul 19 2019

(GAP) List([0..40], n-> (2^n + 2*(-1)^n*Lucas(1, -1, n)[2])/5) # G. C. Greubel, Jul 19 2019

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000045, A052964.

Sequence in context: A261883 A294779 A049257 * A269795 A095834 A106828

Adjacent sequences:  A054874 A054875 A054876 * A054878 A054879 A054880

KEYWORD

nonn,walk

AUTHOR

Paolo Dominici (pl.dm(AT)libero.it), May 23 2000

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 19 01:52 EDT 2020. Contains 337175 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)