login
The OEIS is supported by the many generous donors to the OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo
Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A054026 a(n) is the number of sets of natural numbers [a,b,c,d,e] that can be produced with the numbers [0..n] such that the values of all the distinct parenthesized expressions of a-b-c-d-e are different. 1
0, 0, 0, 0, 300, 1296, 4116, 9984, 21384, 40800, 72600, 120960, 192660, 294000, 434700, 623616, 873936, 1197504, 1611504, 2131200, 2778300, 3571920, 4538820, 5702400, 7095000, 8744736, 10690056, 12964224, 15612324, 18673200, 22199100, 26234880, 30840480, 36067200, 41983200, 48646656, 56134476 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,5
COMMENTS
There are 14 ways to put parentheses in the expression a - b - c - d - e: ((a - (b - c)) - d) - e, (((a - b) - c) - d) - e, ((a - b) - (c - d)) - e, etc. This sequence describes how many sets of natural numbers [a,b,c,d,e] can be produced with the numbers {0,1,2,3,...,n} such that the values of all the distinct expressions are different.
It can be shown that in the set of expressions obtained this way, for any number of variables, a is always positive, b is always negative, and the other variables appear with every possible combination of signs. Therefore, the valid k-tuples of numbers in [0..n] are precisely those such that every subset of {c,d,e,...}, including the empty subset, has a distinct sum. For 5 variables, there are n*(n-1)*(n-2) ways to choose distinct, nonzero values for c, d, and e. For each k, there are floor((n-1)/2) ways to choose distinct numbers x and y in [0..n] such that x + y = k. Summing over all k in [0..n], allowing arbitrary permutations of {x,y,k}, and allowing a and b to be any value gives the formula below. - Charlie Neder, Jan 13 2019
LINKS
FORMULA
a(n) = (n+1)^2 * (n*(n-1)*(n-2) - 6*A002620(n-1)). - Charlie Neder, Jan 13 2019
EXAMPLE
For example, no such sets can be produced with only 0's, only 0's and 1's, only 0's and 1's and 2's, only 1's and 2's and 3's; with {0,1,2,3,4}, 300 such sets can be produced.
PROG
(PARI) a(n) = (1+n)^2*(3*(-1)^n+4*n^3-18*n^2+20*n-3)/4; \\ Jinyuan Wang, Jun 27 2020
CROSSREFS
Cf. A045991 (similar for a - b - c), A047929 (similar for a - b - c - d).
Sequence in context: A190879 A154061 A253650 * A237773 A188252 A128391
KEYWORD
nonn,nice,easy
AUTHOR
Asher Auel, Jan 27 2000
EXTENSIONS
a(9)-a(36) from Charlie Neder, Jan 13 2019
Incorrect formula removed by Jinyuan Wang, Jun 27 2020
STATUS
approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recents
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified February 27 12:16 EST 2024. Contains 370375 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)