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A012132 Numbers z such that x*(x+1) + y*(y+1) = z*(z+1) is solvable in positive integers x,y. 10
3, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13, 15, 16, 18, 20, 21, 23, 26, 27, 28, 31, 33, 36, 37, 38, 40, 41, 43, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, 64, 66, 67, 68, 71, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 80, 81, 83, 86, 88, 89, 91, 92, 93 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Theorem (Sierpinski, 1963): n is a term iff n^2+(n+1)^2 is a composite number. - N. J. A. Sloane, Feb 29 2020

For n > 1, A047219 is a subset of this sequence. This is because n^2 + (n+1)^2 is divisible by 5 if n is (1 or 3) mod 5 (also see A027861). - Dmitry Kamenetsky, Sep 02 2008

From Hermann Stamm-Wilbrandt, Sep 10 2014: (Start)

For n > 0, A212160 is a subset of this sequence (n^2 + (n+1)^2 is divisible by 13 if n == (2 or 10) (mod 13)).

For n >= 0, A212161 is a subset of this sequence (n^2 + (n+1)^2 is divisible by 17 if n == (6 or 10) (mod 17)).

The above are for divisibility by 5, 13, 17; notation (1,3,5), (2,10,13), (6,10,17). Divisibility by p for a and p-a-1; notation (a,p-a-1,p). These are the next tuples: (8,20,29), (15,21,37), (4,36,41), (11,41,53), ... . The corresponding sequences are a subset of this sequence (8,20,37,49,66,78,... for (8,20,29)). These sequences have no entries in the OEIS yet. For any prime of the form 4*k+1 there is exactly one of these tuples/sequences.

For n > 1, A000217 (triangular numbers) is a subset of this sequence (3,6,10,15,...); z=A000217(n), y=z-1, x=n.

For n > 0, A001652 is a subset of this sequence; z=A001652(n), x=y=A053141(n).

For n > 1, A001108(=A115598) is a subset of this sequence; z=A001108(n), x=A076708(n), y=x+1.

For n > 0, A124124(2*n+1)(=A098790(2*n)) is a subset of this sequence (6,37,218,...); z=A124124(2*n+1), x=a(n)-1, y=a(n)+1, a(m) = 6*a(m-1) - a(m-2) + 2, a(0)=0, a(1)=4.

(End)

REFERENCES

Aviezri S. Fraenkel, Diophantine equations involving generalized triangular and tetrahedral numbers, pp. 99-114 of A. O. L. Atkin and B. J. Birch, editors, Computers in Number Theory. Academic Press, NY, 1971.

Sierpinski, W., On triangular numbers which are sums of two smaller triangular numbers (Polish), Wiadom. Mat. (2) 7 (1963), 27-28. See MR0182602. [From Victor S. Miller]

LINKS

Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000

H. Finner and K. Strassburger, Increasing sample sizes do not necessarily increase the power of UMPU-tests for 2 X 2-tables, Metrika, 54, 77-91, (2001).

Heiko Harborth, Fermat-like binomial equations, Applications of Fibonacci numbers, Proc. 2nd Int. Conf., San Jose/Ca., August 1986, 1-5 (1988).

MATHEMATICA

Select[Range[100], !PrimeQ[#^2 + (#+1)^2]& ] (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Jan 17 2013, after Michael Somos *)

CROSSREFS

Complement of A027861. - Michael Somos, Jun 08 2000

Cf. A000217, A047219, A027861, A166080.

Cf. also A212160, A212161, A001652, A001108, A115598, A124124, A098790.

Sequence in context: A287362 A055073 A328505 * A108769 A286754 A186387

Adjacent sequences:  A012129 A012130 A012131 * A012133 A012134 A012135

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Sander van Rijnswou (sander(AT)win.tue.nl)

EXTENSIONS

More terms and references from Klaus Strassburger (strass(AT)ddfi.uni-duesseldorf.de), Feb 09 2000

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 21 21:25 EDT 2021. Contains 348155 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)