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 A007853 Number of maximal antichains in rooted plane trees on n nodes. 15
 1, 2, 5, 15, 50, 178, 663, 2553, 10086, 40669, 166752, 693331, 2917088, 12398545, 53164201, 229729439, 999460624, 4374546305, 19250233408, 85120272755, 378021050306, 1685406494673, 7541226435054, 33852474532769, 152415463629568, 688099122024944 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS Also the number of initial subtrees (emanating from the root) of rooted plane trees on n vertices, where we require that an initial subtree contains either all or none of the branchings under any given node. The leaves of such a subtree comprise the roots of a corresponding antichain cover. Also, in the (non-commutative) multicategory of free pure multifunctions with one atom, a(n) is the number of composable pairs whose composite has n positions. - Gus Wiseman, Aug 13 2018 LINKS R. Bacher, On generating series of complementary plane trees arXiv:math/0409050 [math.CO], 2004. M. Klazar, Twelve countings with rooted plane trees, European Journal of Combinatorics 18 (1997), 195-210; Addendum, 18 (1997), 739-740. FORMULA G.f.: (1/4) * (3 - 2*x - sqrt(1-4*x) - sqrt(2) * sqrt((1+2*x) * sqrt(1-4*x) + 1 - 8*x + 2*x^2)) [from Klazar]. - Sean A. Irvine, Feb 06 2018 a(n) = (1/(n+1))*C(2*n,n) + Sum_{k=0..n-1} ((k+2)/(n+1))*C(2*n-k-1,n-k-1)*Sum_{i=0..floor(k/2)} C(2*i,i)*C(k+i,3*i)/(i+1). - Vladimir Kruchinin, Apr 05 2019 MATHEMATICA ie[t_]:=If[Length[t]==0, 1, 1+Product[ie[b], {b, t}]]; allplane[n_]:=If[n==1, {{}}, Join@@Function[c, Tuples[allplane/@c]]/@Join@@Permutations/@IntegerPartitions[n-1]]; Table[Sum[ie[t], {t, allplane[n]}], {n, 9}] (* Gus Wiseman, Aug 13 2018 *) PROG (Maxima) a(n):=1/(n+1)*binomial(2*n, n)+sum((k+2)/(n+1)*binomial(2*n-k-1, n-k-1)*(sum(((binomial(2*i, i))*(binomial(k+i, 3*i)))/(i+1), i, 0, floor(k/2))), k, 0, n-1); /* Vladimir Kruchinin, Apr 05 2019 */ CROSSREFS Cf. A000081, A000108, A001003, A001006, A126120, A317713, A318046, A318048, A318049. Sequence in context: A157135 A196836 A279553 * A149952 A060049 A107590 Adjacent sequences:  A007850 A007851 A007852 * A007854 A007855 A007856 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR EXTENSIONS More terms from Sean A. Irvine, Feb 06 2018 STATUS approved

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Last modified October 16 13:32 EDT 2019. Contains 328093 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)