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 A237706 Number of primes p < n with pi(n-p) a square, where pi(.) is given by A000720. 11
 0, 0, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 4, 3, 3, 3, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 4, 4, 6, 5, 4, 4, 2, 2, 3, 3, 5, 5, 3, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 4, 5, 5, 5, 4, 4, 7, 6, 5, 5, 4, 4, 5, 5, 7, 7, 5 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,4 COMMENTS Conjecture: (i) a(n) > 0 for all n > 2, and a(n) = 1 only for n = 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 16, 17, 22, 23, 148, 149. (ii) For any integer n > 2, there is a prime p < n with pi(n-p) a triangular number. We have verified that a(n) > 0 for every n = 3, ..., 1.5*10^7. See A237710 for the least prime p < n with pi(n-p) a square. See also A237705, A237720 and A237721 for similar conjectures. LINKS Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000 Z.-W. Sun, Problems on combinatorial properties of primes, arXiv:1402.6641, 2014 EXAMPLE a(8) = 1 since 7 is prime with pi(8-7) = 0^2. a(16) = 1 since 7 is prime with pi(16-7) = 2^2. a(149) = 1 since 139 is prime with pi(149-139) = pi(10) = 2^2. a(637) = 2 since 409 is prime with pi(637-409) = pi(228) = 7^2, and 613 is prime with pi(637-613) = pi(24) = 3^2. MATHEMATICA SQ[n_]:=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]] q[n_]:=SQ[PrimePi[n]] a[n_]:=Sum[If[q[n-Prime[k]], 1, 0], {k, 1, PrimePi[n-1]}] Table[a[n], {n, 1, 70}] CROSSREFS Cf. A000040, A000217, A000290, A000720, A237598, A237612, A237705, A237710, A237720, A237721. Sequence in context: A025876 A109035 A244231 * A064823 A140225 A104758 Adjacent sequences:  A237703 A237704 A237705 * A237707 A237708 A237709 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Zhi-Wei Sun, Feb 11 2014 STATUS approved

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Last modified October 19 13:01 EDT 2019. Contains 328222 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)