login
This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo

Thanks to everyone who made a donation during our annual appeal!
To see the list of donors, or make a donation, see the OEIS Foundation home page.

Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A237706 Number of primes p < n with pi(n-p) a square, where pi(.) is given by A000720. 11
0, 0, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 4, 3, 3, 3, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 4, 4, 6, 5, 4, 4, 2, 2, 3, 3, 5, 5, 3, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 4, 5, 5, 5, 4, 4, 7, 6, 5, 5, 4, 4, 5, 5, 7, 7, 5 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,4

COMMENTS

Conjecture: (i) a(n) > 0 for all n > 2, and a(n) = 1 only for n = 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 16, 17, 22, 23, 148, 149.

(ii) For any integer n > 2, there is a prime p < n with pi(n-p) a triangular number.

We have verified that a(n) > 0 for every n = 3, ..., 1.5*10^7. See A237710 for the least prime p < n with pi(n-p) a square.

See also A237705, A237720 and A237721 for similar conjectures.

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Z.-W. Sun, Problems on combinatorial properties of primes, arXiv:1402.6641, 2014

EXAMPLE

a(8) = 1 since 7 is prime with pi(8-7) = 0^2.

a(16) = 1 since 7 is prime with pi(16-7) = 2^2.

a(149) = 1 since 139 is prime with pi(149-139) = pi(10) = 2^2.

a(637) = 2 since 409 is prime with pi(637-409) = pi(228) = 7^2, and 613 is prime with pi(637-613) = pi(24) = 3^2.

MATHEMATICA

SQ[n_]:=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]]

q[n_]:=SQ[PrimePi[n]]

a[n_]:=Sum[If[q[n-Prime[k]], 1, 0], {k, 1, PrimePi[n-1]}]

Table[a[n], {n, 1, 70}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000040, A000217, A000290, A000720, A237598, A237612, A237705, A237710, A237720, A237721.

Sequence in context: A025876 A109035 A244231 * A064823 A140225 A104758

Adjacent sequences:  A237703 A237704 A237705 * A237707 A237708 A237709

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, Feb 11 2014

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified January 17 14:12 EST 2019. Contains 319225 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)