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A136444 a(n) = Sum_{k=0..n} k*binomial(n-k, 2*k). 6
0, 0, 0, 1, 3, 6, 12, 25, 51, 101, 197, 381, 731, 1392, 2634, 4958, 9290, 17337, 32239, 59760, 110460, 203651, 374593, 687567, 1259597, 2303449, 4205493, 7666560, 13956532, 25374108, 46076436, 83575025, 151431099, 274108826, 495708364, 895670733, 1617003823, 2916984121 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,5

COMMENTS

Consider four related sequences: A_n = sum C(n-k, 2k), B_n = sum C(n-k, 2k+1), A^*_n = sum k*C(n-k, 2k), B^*_n = sum k*(C(n-k, 2k+1).

Sequence A_n, with generating function (1-z)/p(z) where p(z) = 1 - 2z + z^2 - z^3, is A005251.

Sequence B_n, with generating function z/p(z), is A005314.

Sequence A^*_n is the present sequence.

Sequence B^*_n is A118430, but shifted one place so that the generating function is z^4/p(z)^2 instead of z^3/p(z)^2.

These sequences have many interrelations; for example,

B_{n+1} - B_n = A_n; B^*_{n+1} - B^*_n = A^*_n;

A_{n+1} - A_n = B_{n-1}; A^*_{n+1} - A^*_n = B^*_{n-1} + B_{n-1}.

REFERENCES

D. E. Knuth, The Art of Computer Programming, Vol. 4A, Section 7.1.4.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..37.

T. Mansour, M. Shattuck, Counting Peaks and Valleys in a Partition of a Set , J. Int. Seq. 13 (2010), #10.6.8, partitions of [n] with 2 blocks with 1 peak.

FORMULA

G.f.: x^3*(1-x)/(1-2*x+x^2-x^3)^2.

a(n) ~ c * d^n * n, where d = A109134 = 1.75487766624669276... is the root of the equation d*(d-1)^2 = 1, c = 0.072838349685011... is the root of the equation 529*c^3 - 207*c^2 + 26*c = 1. - Vaclav Kotesovec, May 25 2015

MAPLE

a:= n-> (Matrix([[0, 0, 1, 1, -3, -5]]). Matrix(6, (i, j)-> if (i=j-1) then 1 elif j=1 then [4, -6, 6, -5, 2, -1][i] else 0 fi)^n)[1, 1]: seq(a(n), n=0..37);  # Alois P. Heinz, Aug 13 2008

MATHEMATICA

a[n_] := ({0, 0, 1, 1, -3, -5} . MatrixPower[ Table[If[i == j-1, 1, If[j == 1, {4, -6, 6, -5, 2, -1}[[i]], 0]], {i, 6}, {j, 6}], n])[[1]]; Table[a[n], {n, 0, 37}] (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Feb 13 2015, after Alois P. Heinz *)

CoefficientList[Series[x^3 (1 - x)/(1 - 2 x + x^2 - x^3)^2, {x, 0, 40}], x] (* Vincenzo Librandi, Aug 15 2015 *)

PROG

(MAGMA) [&+[k*Binomial(n-k, 2*k): k in [0..n]]: n in [0..40]]; // Bruno Berselli, Feb 13 2015

CROSSREFS

Cf. A005251, A005314, A118430, A136445, A137356-A137361.

Sequence in context: A007239 A088970 A068425 * A077854 A265700 A293313

Adjacent sequences:  A136441 A136442 A136443 * A136445 A136446 A136447

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Don Knuth, Apr 04 2008

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 21 05:06 EDT 2018. Contains 316404 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)