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 A137356 a(n) = Sum_{k <= n/2 } binomial(n-2k, 3k). 10
 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 5, 11, 21, 36, 58, 92, 149, 250, 431, 750, 1299, 2227, 3784, 6401, 10828, 18364, 31236, 53228, 90741, 154603, 263178, 447702, 761403, 1295022, 2203162, 3749001, 6380241, 10858285, 18478155, 31443013, 53501860, 91034937, 154900529, 263576791 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,6 REFERENCES D. E. Knuth, The Art of Computer Programming, Vol. 4A, Section 7.1.4. LINKS Robert Israel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..4329 V. C. Harris, C. C. Styles, A generalization of Fibonacci numbers, Fib. Quart. 2 (1964) 277-289, sequence u(n,2,3). Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (3,-3,1,0,1). FORMULA Let A_n = Sum_{k<=n/2}binomial(n-2k,3k) (the present sequence), B_n= Sum_{k<=n/2}binomial(n-2k, 3k+1)(A137357), C_n= Sum_{k<=n/2}binomial(n-2k, 3k+2) (A137358). Then A_n = A_{n-1} + C_{n-3} + \delta_{n0}, B_n=B_{n-1} + A_{n-1}, C_n=C_{n-1} + B_{n-1}; so the generating functions are A = (1-z)^2/p(z), B=z(1-z)/p(z), C=z^2/p(z), where p(z) = (1-z)^3 - z^5 = 1 - 3z + 3z^2 - z^3 - z^5. The growth ratio is the real root of r^2(r-1)^3 = 1, approximately 1.70161. a(n) = 3*a(n-1)-3*a(n-2)+a(n-3)+a(n-5). - Vincenzo Librandi, Aug 09 2015 a(n) = hypergeom([-(1/5)*n, -(1/5)*n+1/5, 2/5-(1/5)*n, 3/5-(1/5)*n, -(1/5)*n+4/5], [1/3, 2/3, -(1/2)*n, -(1/2)*n+1/2], -3125/108). - Robert Israel, May 26 2017 G.f.: -(x-1)^2/(-1+3*x-3*x^2+x^3+x^5) . - R. J. Mathar, May 29 2017 MAPLE f:= gfun:-rectoproc({a(n) = 3*a(n-1)-3*a(n-2)+a(n-3)+a(n-5), seq(a(i)=1, i=0..4)}, a(n), remember): map(f, [\$0..50]); # Robert Israel, May 26 2017 MATHEMATICA LinearRecurrence[{3, -3, 1, 0, 1}, {1, 1, 1, 1, 1}, 50] (* Vincenzo Librandi, Aug 09 2015 *) CoefficientList[Series[(1-x)^2/(1 - 3 x + 3 x^2 - x^3 - x^5), {x, 0, 40}], x] (* Vaclav Kotesovec, Aug 09 2015 *) PROG (MAGMA) I:=[1, 1, 1, 1, 1]; [n le 5 select I[n] else 3*Self(n-1)-3*Self(n-2)+Self(n-3)+Self(n-5): n in [1..45]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Aug 09 2015 CROSSREFS Cf. A137357-A137361, A136444, A137402. Sequence in context: A050407 A113032 A100134 * A103198 A183929 A003522 Adjacent sequences:  A137353 A137354 A137355 * A137357 A137358 A137359 KEYWORD nonn,easy AUTHOR Don Knuth, Apr 11 2008 STATUS approved

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Last modified October 14 03:00 EDT 2019. Contains 327995 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)