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A107628 Number of integral quadratic forms ax^2 + bxy + cy^2 whose discriminant b^2-4ac is -n, 0 <= b <= a <= c and gcd(a,b,c) = 1. 3
0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 2, 1, 0, 0, 1, 2, 0, 0, 2, 2, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 2, 2, 0, 0, 2, 2, 0, 0, 3, 2, 0, 0, 1, 2, 0, 0, 3, 2, 0, 0, 2, 2, 0, 0, 3, 3, 0, 0, 2, 2, 0, 0, 3, 2, 0, 0, 1, 3, 0, 0, 4, 2, 0, 0, 2, 2, 0, 0, 3, 3, 0, 0, 2, 4, 0, 0, 4, 2, 0, 0, 2, 2, 0, 0, 5, 4, 0, 0, 2, 2, 0, 0, 3, 4, 0 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,15

COMMENTS

This sequence is closely related to the class number function, h(-n), which is given for fundamental discriminants in A006641. For a fundamental discriminant d, we have h(-d) < 2a(d). It appears that a(n) < Sqrt(n) for all n. For k>1, the primes p for which a(p)=k coincide with the numbers n such that the class number h(-n) is 2k-1 (see A006203, A046002, A046004, A046006. A046008, A046010, A046012, A046014, A046016 A046018, A046020). - T. D. Noe, May 07 2008

REFERENCES

See A106856.

LINKS

T. D. Noe, Table of n, a(n) for n=1..10000

EXAMPLE

a(15)=2 because the forms x^2 + xy + 4y^2 and 2x^2 + xy + 2y^2 have discriminant -15.

MATHEMATICA

dLim=150; cnt=Table[0, {dLim}]; nn=Ceiling[dLim/4]; Do[d=b^2-4a*c; If[GCD[a, b, c]==1 && 0<-d<=dLim, cnt[[ -d]]++ ], {b, 0, nn}, {a, b, nn}, {c, a, nn}]; cnt

PROG

(PARI) {a(n)=local(m); if(n<3, 0, forvec(v=vector(3, k, [0, (n+1)\4]), if( (gcd(v)==1)&(-v[1]^2+4*v[2]*v[3]==n), m++ ), 1); m)} /* Michael Somos, May 31 2005 */

CROSSREFS

Cf. A106856 (start of many quadratic forms).

Cf. A133675 (n such that a(n)=1).

Cf. A223708 (without zeros).

Sequence in context: A263860 A051777 A262709 * A268389 A288969 A218380

Adjacent sequences:  A107625 A107626 A107627 * A107629 A107630 A107631

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

T. D. Noe, May 18 2005, Apr 30 2008

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 17 20:06 EST 2018. Contains 299296 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)