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A078143 Smallest term of a run of at least 9 consecutive integers which are not squarefree. 11
8870024, 33908368, 49250144, 69147868, 70918820, 111500620, 112931372, 164786748, 167854344, 200997948, 203356712, 207543320, 211014920, 216785256, 221167422, 221167423, 221167424, 236645624, 240574368, 262315467, 262315468 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

The sequence includes an infinite family of arithmetic progressions. Such AP's can be constructed to each term, with large differences [like squares of primorials, A061742(7)]. It is necessary to solve suitable systems of linear Diophantine equations. E.g.: arithmetic progression subsequences of starting 9-chains is {mk+69147868+j} where j=0..8, m=510510^2 because square prime factors of a(4)+j=68147868+j are 4, 49, 121, 169, 4, 9, 289, 25, 4 resp. for j=0..8; k goes to infinity; 7th primorial is sufficient, 9th is not necessary. Construction is provable for arbitrary long [>9] chains. - Labos Elemer, Nov 25 2002

More precisely, if in one run {a(n)+j, j=0..8} the maximum smallest square factor is p^2, then an infinite subsequence is given by {a(n)+(p#)^2*k, k=0..oo}, where p# = A034386(p). One may get a smaller step taking the least L^2 which has a square factor in common with each of the 9 consecutive terms. - M. F. Hasler, Feb 03 2016

LINKS

Donovan Johnson, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000

FORMULA

A078143 = { A077647[k] | A077647[k+1] = A077647[k]+1 } = { A077640[k] | A077640[k+2] = A077640[k]+2 } = { A078144[k] | A078144[k+4] = A078144[k]+4 } etc. Note that A049535 is defined differently. - M. F. Hasler, Feb 01 2016

MATHEMATICA

s9[x_] := Apply[Plus, Table[Abs[MoebiusMu[x+j]], {j, 0, 8}]]; Do[If[Equal[s9[n], 0], Print[n]], {n, 8000000, 1000000000}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A013929, A045882 (first of the k-chains), A051681.

Cf. A068781 (2-chains), A070258 (3-chains), A070284 (4-chains), A078144 (5-chains), A049535 (6-chains), A077640 (7-chains), A077647 (8-chains), A078143 (9-chains), A268313 (10-chains), A268314 (11-chains).

Sequence in context: A179577 A203669 A233476 * A216003 A141645 A217655

Adjacent sequences:  A078140 A078141 A078142 * A078144 A078145 A078146

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Labos Elemer, Nov 22 2002

EXTENSIONS

a(6)-a(21) from Donovan Johnson, Nov 26 2008

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 20 15:44 EDT 2017. Contains 292275 sequences.