

A030979


Numbers k such that binomial(2k,k) is not divisible by 3, 5 or 7.


10



0, 1, 10, 756, 757, 3160, 3186, 3187, 3250, 7560, 7561, 7651, 20007, 59548377, 59548401, 45773612811, 45775397187, 237617431723407, 24991943420078301, 24991943420078302, 24991943420078307, 24991943715007536, 24991943715007537
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OFFSET

1,3


COMMENTS

By Lucas's theorem, binomial(2k,k) is not divisible by a prime p iff all basep digits of k are smaller than p/2.
Ronald L. Graham offered $1000 to the first person who could settle the question of whether this sequence is finite or infinite. He remarked that heuristic arguments show that it should be infinite, but finite if it is required that binomial(2k,k) is prime to 3, 5, 7 and 11, with k = 3160 probably the last k which has this property.
The Erdős et al. paper shows that for any two odd primes p and q there are an infinite number of k for which gcd(p*q,binomial(2k,k))=1; i.e., p and q do not divide binomial(2k,k). The paper does not deal with the case of three primes.  T. D. Noe, Apr 18 2007
Pomerance gives a heuristic suggesting that there are on the order of x^0.02595... terms up to x.  Charles R Greathouse IV, Oct 09 2015


REFERENCES

Christian Ballot, Divisibility of the middle Lucasnomial coefficient, Fib. Q., 55 (2017), 297308.


LINKS

Christopher E. Thompson, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1374 (complete up to 10^70, extends first 62 terms computed by Max Alekseyev).
Ernie Croot, Hamed Mousavi and Maxie Schmidt, On a conjecture of Graham on the pdivisibility of central binomial coefficients, arXiv:2201.11274 [math.NT], 2022.
P. Erdős, R. L. Graham, I. Z. Russa and E. G. Straus, On the prime factors of C(2n,n), Math. Comp. 29 (1975), 8392, doi:10.2307/2005464.
Gennady Eremin, Factoring Middle Binomial Coefficients, arXiv:2003.01494 [math.CO], 2020.
R. D. Mauldin and S. M. Ulam, Mathematical problems and games, Adv. Appl. Math. 8 (3) (1987) 281344.
C. Pomerance, Divisors of the middle binomial coefficient, Amer. Math. Monthly, 112 (2015), 636644.
Wikipedia, Lucas' theorem
Han Yu, Fractal projections with an application in number theory, arXiv:2004.05924 [math.NT], 2020.


FORMULA

Intersection of A005836, A037453 and A037461.  T. D. Noe, Apr 18 2007


MATHEMATICA

lim=10000; Intersection[Table[FromDigits[IntegerDigits[k, 2], 3], {k, 0, lim}], Table[FromDigits[IntegerDigits[k, 3], 5], {k, 0, lim}], Table[FromDigits[IntegerDigits[k, 4], 7], {k, 0, lim}]] (* T. D. Noe, Apr 18 2007 *)


PROG

(PARI) fval(n, p)=my(s); while(n\=p, s+=n); s
is(n)=fval(2*n, 3)==2*fval(n, 3) && fval(2*n, 5)==2*fval(n, 5) && fval(2*n, 7)==2*fval(n, 7) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Oct 09 2015


CROSSREFS

Cf. A129488, A129489, A129508, A151750.
Sequence in context: A008272 A015509 A117257 * A183288 A108247 A108243
Adjacent sequences: A030976 A030977 A030978 * A030980 A030981 A030982


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

Shawn Godin (sgodin(AT)onlink.net)


EXTENSIONS

More terms from Naohiro Nomoto, May 06 2002
Additional comments from R. L. Graham, Apr 25 2007
Additional comments and terms up 3^41 in bfile from Max Alekseyev, Nov 23 2008
Additional terms up to 10^70 in bfile from Christopher E. Thompson, Nov 06 2015


STATUS

approved



