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 A030979 Numbers k such that binomial(2k,k) is not divisible by 3, 5 or 7. 10
 0, 1, 10, 756, 757, 3160, 3186, 3187, 3250, 7560, 7561, 7651, 20007, 59548377, 59548401, 45773612811, 45775397187, 237617431723407, 24991943420078301, 24991943420078302, 24991943420078307, 24991943715007536, 24991943715007537 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,3 COMMENTS By Lucas's theorem, binomial(2k,k) is not divisible by a prime p iff all base-p digits of k are smaller than p/2. Ronald L. Graham offered \$1000 to the first person who could settle the question of whether this sequence is finite or infinite. He remarked that heuristic arguments show that it should be infinite, but finite if it is required that binomial(2k,k) is prime to 3, 5, 7 and 11, with k = 3160 probably the last k which has this property. The Erdős et al. paper shows that for any two odd primes p and q there are an infinite number of k for which gcd(p*q,binomial(2k,k))=1; i.e., p and q do not divide binomial(2k,k). The paper does not deal with the case of three primes. - T. D. Noe, Apr 18 2007 Pomerance gives a heuristic suggesting that there are on the order of x^0.02595... terms up to x. - Charles R Greathouse IV, Oct 09 2015 REFERENCES Christian Ballot, Divisibility of the middle Lucasnomial coefficient, Fib. Q., 55 (2017), 297-308. LINKS Christopher E. Thompson, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1374 (complete up to 10^70, extends first 62 terms computed by Max Alekseyev). Ernie Croot, Hamed Mousavi and Maxie Schmidt, On a conjecture of Graham on the p-divisibility of central binomial coefficients, arXiv:2201.11274 [math.NT], 2022. P. Erdős, R. L. Graham, I. Z. Russa and E. G. Straus, On the prime factors of C(2n,n), Math. Comp. 29 (1975), 83-92, doi:10.2307/2005464. Gennady Eremin, Factoring Middle Binomial Coefficients, arXiv:2003.01494 [math.CO], 2020. R. D. Mauldin and S. M. Ulam, Mathematical problems and games, Adv. Appl. Math. 8 (3) (1987) 281-344. C. Pomerance, Divisors of the middle binomial coefficient, Amer. Math. Monthly, 112 (2015), 636-644. Wikipedia, Lucas' theorem Han Yu, Fractal projections with an application in number theory, arXiv:2004.05924 [math.NT], 2020. FORMULA Intersection of A005836, A037453 and A037461. - T. D. Noe, Apr 18 2007 MATHEMATICA lim=10000; Intersection[Table[FromDigits[IntegerDigits[k, 2], 3], {k, 0, lim}], Table[FromDigits[IntegerDigits[k, 3], 5], {k, 0, lim}], Table[FromDigits[IntegerDigits[k, 4], 7], {k, 0, lim}]] (* T. D. Noe, Apr 18 2007 *) PROG (PARI) fval(n, p)=my(s); while(n\=p, s+=n); s is(n)=fval(2*n, 3)==2*fval(n, 3) && fval(2*n, 5)==2*fval(n, 5) && fval(2*n, 7)==2*fval(n, 7) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Oct 09 2015 CROSSREFS Cf. A129488, A129489, A129508, A151750. Sequence in context: A008272 A015509 A117257 * A183288 A108247 A108243 Adjacent sequences:  A030976 A030977 A030978 * A030980 A030981 A030982 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Shawn Godin (sgodin(AT)onlink.net) EXTENSIONS More terms from Naohiro Nomoto, May 06 2002 Additional comments from R. L. Graham, Apr 25 2007 Additional comments and terms up 3^41 in b-file from Max Alekseyev, Nov 23 2008 Additional terms up to 10^70 in b-file from Christopher E. Thompson, Nov 06 2015 STATUS approved

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Last modified September 28 02:47 EDT 2022. Contains 357063 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)