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A030523 A convolution triangle of numbers obtained from A001792. 10
1, 3, 1, 8, 6, 1, 20, 25, 9, 1, 48, 88, 51, 12, 1, 112, 280, 231, 86, 15, 1, 256, 832, 912, 476, 130, 18, 1, 576, 2352, 3276, 2241, 850, 183, 21, 1, 1280, 6400, 10976, 9424, 4645, 1380, 245, 24, 1, 2816, 16896, 34848, 36432, 22363, 8583, 2093, 316, 27, 1 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

a(n,m) := s1p(3; n,m), a member of a sequence of unsigned triangles including s1p(2; n,m)= A007318(n-1,m-1) (Pascal's triangle). Signed version: (-1)^(n-m)*a(n,m) := s1(3; n,m).

With offset 0, this is T(n,k)=sum{i=0..n, C(n,i)C(i+k+1,2k+1)}. Binomial transform of A078812 (product of lower triangular matrices). - Paul Barry, Jun 22 2004

Subtriangle of the triangle T(n,k) given by (0, 3, -1/3, 4/3, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, ... ) DELTA (1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, ...) where DELTA is the operator defined in A084938. -Philippe Deléham, Feb 20 2013

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..55.

W. Lang, On generalizations of Stirling number triangles, J. Integer Seqs., Vol. 3 (2000), #00.2.4.

W. Lang, First ten rows.

FORMULA

a(n, m) = 2*(2*m+n-1)*a(n-1, m)/n + m*a(n-1, m-1)/n, n >= m >= 1; a(n, m) := 0, n<m; a(n, 0) := 0; a(1, 1)=1. G.f. for m-th column: (x*(1-x)/(1-2*x)^2)^m.

T(n,k) = 4*T(n-1,k) - 4*T(n-2,k) + T(n-1,k-1) - T(n-2,k-1), T(0,0) = 1, T(1,0) = T(2,0) = 0, T(n,k) = 0 if k>n or if k<0. -Philippe Deléham, Feb 20 2013

Sum_{k, 1<=k<=n} T(n,k)*2^(k-1) = A140766(n). -Philippe Deléham, Feb 20 2013

EXAMPLE

{1}; {3,1}; {8,6,1}; {20,25,9,1}; {48,88,51,12,1}; ...

(0, 3, -1/3, 4/3, 0, 0, ...) DELTA (1, 0, 0, 0, ...) begins:

1

0, 1

0, 3, 1

0, 8, 6, 1

0, 20, 25, 9, 1

0, 48, 88, 51, 12, 1 -Philippe Deléham, Feb 20 2013

CROSSREFS

a(n, 1)= A001792(n-1). Row sums = A039717(n).

Cf. A057682 (alternating row sums).

Sequence in context: A188939 A062196 A103247 * A125662 A123965 A124025

Adjacent sequences:  A030520 A030521 A030522 * A030524 A030525 A030526

KEYWORD

easy,nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

Wolfdieter Lang

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 20 04:19 EDT 2014. Contains 248329 sequences.