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A002430 Numerators in Taylor series for tan(x). Also from Taylor series for tanh(x).
(Formerly M2100 N0832)
17
1, 1, 2, 17, 62, 1382, 21844, 929569, 6404582, 443861162, 18888466084, 113927491862, 58870668456604, 8374643517010684, 689005380505609448, 129848163681107301953, 1736640792209901647222, 418781231495293038913922 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,3

COMMENTS

a(n) appears to be a multiple of A046990(n) (checked up to n=250). - Ralf Stephan, Mar 30 2004

The Taylor series for tan(x) appears to be identical to the quotient of the "look-alikes" of the numerator and denominator, i.e., A160469(n)/A156769(n). - Johannes W. Meijer, May 24 2009

REFERENCES

G. W. Caunt, Infinitesimal Calculus, Oxford Univ. Press, 1914, p. 477.

L. Comtet, Advanced Combinatorics, Reidel, 1974, p. 88.

A. Fletcher, J. C. P. Miller, L. Rosenhead and L. J. Comrie, An Index of Mathematical Tables. Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed., Blackwell, Oxford and Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1962, Vol. 1, p. 74.

H. A. Rothe, in C. F. Hindenburg, editor, Sammlung Combinatorisch-Analytischer Abhandlungen, Vol. 2, Chap. XI. Fleischer, Leipzig, 1800, p. 329.

N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence).

N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).

LINKS

T. D. Noe and Seiichi Manyama, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..276 (first 100 terms from T. D. Noe)

M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions, National Bureau of Standards, Applied Math. Series 55, Tenth Printing, 1972 [alternative scanned copy].

M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions, National Bureau of Standards Applied Math. Series 55, Tenth Printing, 1972, p. 75 (4.3.67).

R. W. van der Waall, On a property of tan x, J. Number Theory 5 (1973) 242-244.

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Hyperbolic Tangent

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Tangent

FORMULA

a(n) is the numerator of (-1)^(n-1)*2^(2*n)*(2^(2*n)-1)*bernoulli(2*n)/(2*n)!. - Johannes W. Meijer, May 24 2009

Let R(x) = (cos(x*Pi/2)+sin(x*Pi/2))*(4^x-2^x)*Zeta(1-x)/(x-1)!. Then a(n) = numerator(R(2*n)) and A036279(n) = denominator(R(2*n)). Peter Luschny, Aug 25 2015

EXAMPLE

tan(x) = x + 2 x^3/3! + 16 x^5/5! + 272 x^7/7! + ... =

  x + 1/3*x^3 + 2/15*x^5 + 17/315*x^7 + 62/2835*x^9 + ... =

  Sum_{n >= 1} (2^(2n) - 1) * (2x)^(2n-1) * |bernoulli_2n| / (n*(2n-1)!).

tanh(x) = x - 1/3*x^3 + 2/15*x^5 - 17/315*x^7 + 62/2835*x^9 - 1382/155925*x^11 + ...

MAPLE

R := n -> (-1)^floor(n/2)*(4^n-2^n)*Zeta(1-n)/(n-1)!:

seq(numer(R(2*n)), n=1..18); # Peter Luschny, Aug 25 2015

MATHEMATICA

f[n_] := (-1)^Floor[n/2] (4^n - 2^n) Zeta[1 - n]/(n - 1)!; Table[Numerator@ f[2 n], {n, 18}] (* Michael De Vlieger, Aug 25 2015 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A036279 (denominators), A000182, A099612, A160469, A156769.

Sequence in context: A228641 A226417 A191295 * A160469 A176581 A037420

Adjacent sequences:  A002427 A002428 A002429 * A002431 A002432 A002433

KEYWORD

nonn,easy,frac

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Mark Hudson (mrmarkhudson(AT)hotmail.com), Jan 29 2003

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 19 11:00 EDT 2017. Contains 290797 sequences.