login
The OEIS is supported by the many generous donors to the OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo
Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A363555 Expansion of g.f. A(x) satisfying 0 = Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n * x^(n*(n-1)/2) * A(x)^(n*(n+1)/2) / Product_{k=2..n+2} (1 - x^k*A(x)^(k+1)). 4
1, 1, 3, 10, 39, 163, 719, 3291, 15495, 74568, 365188, 1814220, 9120733, 46316195, 237229711, 1224150186, 6358008567, 33211790566, 174368764180, 919634519638, 4870040209108, 25885098736539, 138044748197031, 738439479552465, 3961167293262753, 21303283844252223 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,3
COMMENTS
Related identities:
(1) 0 = Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n * x^(n*(n-1)/2) * C(x)^(n*(n+1)/2) / Product_{k=1..n+1} (1 - x^k*C(x)^(k+1)), where C(x) = 1 + x*C(x)^2 is the Catalan function (A000108).
(2) 1 = Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n * x^(n*(n+1)/2) * F(x)^(n*(n+1)/2) / Product_{k=1..n+1} (1 - x^k*F(x)^k), which holds as a formal power series for all x and F(x).
(3) Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n * x^(n*(n-1)/2) * y^(n*(n+1)/2) / Product_{k=2..n+2} (1 - x^k*y^(k+1)) = 1-y + y^3*x + (y^3 - y^4)*x^2 - y^5*x^3 + y^6*x^4.
LINKS
FORMULA
G.f. A(x) = Sum_{n>=0} a(n)*x^n may be defined by the following.
(1) A(x) = 1 + A(x)^3*x + (A(x)^3 - A(x)^4)*x^2 - A(x)^5*x^3 + A(x)^6*x^4.
(2) A(x) = G(x*A(x)) where G(x) = A(x/G(x)) = (1 + x - sqrt(1 - 2*x - 3*x^2))/(2*x*(1-x^2)) is the g.f. of A082395 (with an offset of 0).
(3) 0 = Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n * x^(n*(n-1)/2) * A(x)^(n*(n+1)/2) / Product_{k=2..n+2} (1 - x^k*A(x)^(k+1)).
EXAMPLE
G.f.: A(x) = 1 + x + 3*x^2 + 10*x^3 + 39*x^4 + 163*x^5 + 719*x^6 + 3291*x^7 + 15495*x^8 + 74568*x^9 + 365188*x^10 + ...
such that A = A(x) satisfies
0 = 1/(1-x^2*A^3) - A/((1-x^2*A^3)*(1-x^3*A^4)) + x*A^3/((1-x^2*A^3)*(1-x^3*A^4)*(1-x^4*A^5)) - x^3*A^6/((1-x^2*A^3)*(1-x^3*A^4)*(1-x^4*A^5)*(1-x^5*A^6)) + x^6*A^10/((1-x^2*A^3)*(1-x^3*A^4)*(1-x^4*A^5)*(1-x^5*A^6)*(1-x^6*A^7)) -+ ...
Compare to an identity of the Catalan function C = 1 + x*C^2, where
0 = 1/(1-x*C^2) - C/((1-x*C^2)*(1-x^2*C^3)) + x*C^3/((1-x*C^2)*(1-x^2*C^3)*(1-x^3*C^4)) - x^3*C^6/((1-x*C^2)*(1-x^2*C^3)*(1-x^3*C^4)*(1-x^4*C^5)) + x^6*C^10/((1-x*C^2)*(1-x^2*C^3)*(1-x^3*C^4)*(1-x^4*C^5)*(1-x^5*C^6)) -+ ...
PROG
(PARI) /* As a solution to a polynomial equation */
{a(n) = my(A=1); for(i=1, n, A = 1 + A^3*x + (A^3 - A^4)*x^2 - A^5*x^3 + A^6*x^4 +x*O(x^n)); polcoeff(A, n)}
for(n=0, 30, print1(a(n), ", "))
(PARI) /* By Series Reversion involving a g.f. of A082395 */
{a(n) = my(A=1, G082395 = (1 + x - sqrt(1 - 2*x - 3*x^2 +O(x^(n+2))))/(2*x*(1-x^2)) ); A = (1/x)*serreverse( x/G082395 ); polcoeff(A, n)}
for(n=0, 30, print1(a(n), ", "))
(PARI) /* By Definition */
{a(n) = my(A=[1]); for(i=1, n, A=concat(A, 0);
A[#A] = polcoeff( sum(m=0, 2*sqrtint(#A), (-1)^m * (x)^(m*(m-1)/2) * Ser(A)^(m*(m+1)/2) / prod(k=2, m+2, (1 - x^k*Ser(A)^(k+1) ) )), #A-1); ); A[n+1]}
for(n=0, 30, print1(a(n), ", "))
CROSSREFS
Sequence in context: A338185 A151072 A151073 * A063688 A245378 A350915
KEYWORD
nonn
AUTHOR
Paul D. Hanna, Jul 09 2023
STATUS
approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recents
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified April 14 13:17 EDT 2024. Contains 371661 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)