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A360179 a(1) = 1. Thereafter if a(n-1) is a novel term, a(n) = d(a(n-1)); otherwise a(n) = a(n-1) + d(u), where d is the divisor function A000005 and u is the smallest unstarred prior term (each time we use a prior term we star it, and starred terms cannot be reused). 14
1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 2, 4, 3, 5, 2, 4, 6, 4, 6, 8, 4, 7, 2, 5, 7, 10, 4, 7, 10, 12, 6, 8, 12, 16, 5, 9, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 2, 4, 6, 9, 13, 2, 4, 6, 9, 13, 15, 4, 8, 11, 15, 19, 2, 5, 7, 9, 11, 14, 4, 7, 10, 12, 15, 18, 6, 10, 14, 18, 22, 4, 8, 11 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
1,3
COMMENTS
Whilst the definition is subtly different from that of A345147, d(u) being used in place of u, the scatterplots are remarkably different, the one for this sequence displaying numerous precipitous "gorges" which are open to explanation. 1 is the only number which occurs precisely twice, all other numbers are repeated infinitely many times.
From Michael De Vlieger, Apr 04 2023: (Start)
The sequence is a series of nondecreasing cycles that reach a maximum M and then reset to start a new cycle. (See scatterplot B.)
The sequence is dynamic and responds to a bank of copies of the same number called a "prevailing low" L. When M < L, the sequence experiences a run of short or "crashed" cycles that make no headway at eliminating the copies of L, resulting in a "gorge" in the scatterplot.
Referring to scatterplot A:
The green line represents the smallest missing number u and is not actually a feature of the sequence. The red line represents the "prevailing low" L(n), also is not a feature of the sequence.
Dark blue terms a(n) = tau(a(n-1))..421 populate a "semi-coherent" phase (1A) of cycle c(i), where tau(n) = A000005(n).
Light blue terms a(n) = 422..L populate the "coherent" phase (1B) of cycle c(i). Black terms m > L populate phase (2) of c(i).
Magenta terms constitute a crashed cycle that has M < L; multiple consecutive crashed cycles constitute a gorge. In crashed cycles, we have only phase (1).
The "triple point" of the graph, where we first have phase (1B), appears to be a(14478) = 414, but is in actuality (given 2^20 terms) a(14786) = 422. (End)
LINKS
Michael De Vlieger, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..40000 [The exceptionally large b-file was added at my request. - N. J. A. Sloane, Apr 07 2023]
Michael De Vlieger, Scatterplot A of a(n), n = 1..40000.
Michael De Vlieger, Scatterplot B of a(n) for n = 1..128. Records appear in red, local minima in blue, terms instigated by a(n) = m new to the sequence appear in gold, otherwise in green. The magenta line indicates the smallest missing number u not in a(1..n-1).
Michael De Vlieger, Scatterplot of a(n), n = 1500000.
EXAMPLE
a(2) = 1 since a(1) = 1 is a novel term and d(1) = 1. Thus the sequence starts 1,1 and since a(2) is a repeated term, a(3) = a(2) + d(1) (1 = least unstarred prior term). Therefore a(3) = 1 + 1 = 2.
MATHEMATICA
nn = 120; c[_] := False; h[_] := 0; f[n_] := DivisorSigma[0, n]; a[1] = j = u = 1; Do[If[c[j], k = j + f[u]; h[j]++; h[u]--, k = f[j]; c[j] = True; h[j]++]; u = Min[u, j]; Set[{a[n], j}, {k, k}]; While[h[u] == 0, u++], {n, 2, nn}]; Array[a, nn] (* Michael De Vlieger, Feb 02 2023 *)
CROSSREFS
Cf. A362127 records, A362128 indices of records.
Cf. A362129 a(n) mod 2, A362130 d(a(n)) mod 2.
Cf. A362131 smallest missing number in a(1..n).
Cf. A362134 novel terms, A362135 indices of novel terms.
Cf. A362136 row lengths, if this sequence seen as rows of strictly increasing terms.
See A361511 for another version.
Sequence in context: A286589 A246029 A245564 * A361511 A345147 A214126
KEYWORD
nonn,look,nice
AUTHOR
STATUS
approved

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Last modified May 25 13:47 EDT 2024. Contains 372788 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)