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 A357813 a(n) is the least number k such that the sum of n^2 consecutive primes starting at prime(k) is a square. 1
 3, 1, 78, 333, 84, 499, 36, 1874, 1102, 18, 183, 2706, 23, 104, 739, 1055, 8435, 633, 42130, 13800, 942, 55693, 7449, 13270, 41410, 4317, 17167, 61999, 17117, 9161, 46704, 12447, 2679, 2971, 3946, 103089, 6359, 19601, 7240, 422, 690, 20851, 963, 36597, 3559, 111687, 12926, 4071, 30622, 6355 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 2,1 LINKS Table of n, a(n) for n=2..51. FORMULA a(n) = A230327(n^2). EXAMPLE Define sp(k,n) to be the sum of n^2 consecutive primes starting at prime(k). a(2) = 3 because sp(k,2) at k=3 is 5 + 7 + 11 + 13 = 36 = 6^2, a square, and no smaller k has this property. a(3) = 1 because sp(k,3) at k=1 is 2 + 3 + 5 + 7 + 11 + 13 + 17 + 19 + 23 = 100 = 10^2, a square, and no smaller k has this property. a(4) = 78 because sp(k,4) at k=78 is 397 + 401 + ... + 487 = 7056 = 84^2, a square, and no smaller k has this property. PROG (PARI) \\ sum of n^2 consecutive primes starting at prime(k). sp(k, n)=my(u=primes([prime(k), prime(k+n*n-1)])); return(vecsum(u)) \\ Least number k such that sp(k, n) is a square. a(n)=my(k=1); while(!issquare(sp(k, n)), k++); k (PARI) a(n) = { my(pr = primes(n^2), s = vecsum(pr), startprime = nextprime(pr[#pr] + 1), res = 1); pr = List(pr); forprime(p = startprime, oo, if(issquare(s), return(res); ); res++; s += (p - pr[1]); listput(pr, p); listpop(pr, 1); ) } \\ David A. Corneth, Nov 13 2022 CROSSREFS Cf. A034963, A127336. Cf. A358156. Subsequence of A230327. Sequence in context: A361091 A344050 A213069 * A266277 A016482 A012854 Adjacent sequences: A357810 A357811 A357812 * A357814 A357815 A357816 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Jean-Marc Rebert, Nov 12 2022 STATUS approved

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Last modified August 12 02:46 EDT 2024. Contains 375082 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)