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 A354167 Let M_p = 2^p-1 be a Mersenne prime, where p is an odd prime. Sequence lists p such that b_{p-2} == 2^((p+1)/2) mod M_p, where {b_k} is defined in the Comments. 2
 3, 5, 13, 31, 61, 127, 2203, 4253, 9941, 19937, 23209, 86243, 110503, 132049, 756839, 1398269, 2976221, 3021377, 6972593, 13466917, 20996011, 25964951, 37156667, 43112609, 77232917 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,1 COMMENTS Let M_p = 2^p-1 (not necessarily a prime) where p is an odd prime, and define b_1 = 4; b_k = b_{k-1}^2 - 2 (mod M_p) for k >= 2. The Lucas-Lehmer theorem says that M_p is a prime iff b_{p-1} == 0 (mod M_p). Furthermore, if M_p is a prime, then b_{p-2} is congruent to +- 2^((p+1)/2) (mod M_p). This partitions the Mersenne prime exponents A000043 into two classes, listed here and in A354168. REFERENCES J. B. Cosgrave, A Mersenne-Wieferich Odyssey, Manuscript, May 2022. See Section 16.1. LINKS CROSSREFS Cf. A000043, A000668, A354168. Cf. A123271 (sign of the penultimate term of the Lucas-Lehmer sequence). Sequence in context: A144471 A190667 A062304 * A350392 A281874 A135532 Adjacent sequences:  A354164 A354165 A354166 * A354168 A354169 A354170 KEYWORD nonn,more AUTHOR N. J. A. Sloane, Jun 02 2022, based on Section 16.1 of Cosgrave (2022) EXTENSIONS Thanks to Chai Wah Wu for several corrections. - N. J. A. Sloane, Jun 02 2022 a(15) from Chai Wah Wu, Jun 04 2022 a(16)-a(25) from Serge Batalov, _Jun 11 2022 STATUS approved

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Last modified October 4 16:09 EDT 2022. Contains 357239 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)