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 A342858 a(n) is the least integer h such that there exists a Pythagorean triple (x, y, h) that satisfies f(x)+f(y)+f(h)=n where f(m)=A176774(m) is the smallest polygonality of m; a(n) = 0 if no such h exists. 1
 13530, 136, 35, 5, 4510, 10, 100, 45, 51, 1404 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 9,1 COMMENTS a(19) > 10^9 if it exists. It appears that the triples whose sum is 10 (as in the 2nd example below) have legs n^6 = A001014(n), (n^8-n^4)/2 = A218131(n+1)/2 and (n^8 + n^4)/2 = A071231(n) for n>=2; they consist of 2 triangular numbers and 1 square number. - Michel Marcus, Apr 12 2021 LINKS Michel Marcus, Table of n, a(n) for n=9..10000, with 0 for a(19) EXAMPLE a(9)  = 13530 with A176774([8778, 10296, 13530]) = [3,3,3]. a(10) = 136   with A176774([64, 120, 136])       = [4,3,3]. a(11) = 35    with A176774([21, 28, 35])         = [3,3,5]. a(12) = 5     with A176774([3, 4, 5])            = [3,4,5]. a(13) = 4510  with A176774([2926, 3432, 4510])   = [3,5,5]. a(14) = 10    with A176774([6, 8, 10])           = [3,8,3]. a(15) = 100   with A176774([28, 96, 100])        = [3,8,4]. a(16) = 45    with A176774([27, 36, 45])         = [10,3,3]. a(17) = 51    with A176774([45, 24, 51])         = [3,9,5]. a(18) = 1404  with A176774([540, 1296, 1404])    = [7,4,7]. PROG (PARI) tp(n) = if (n<3, [n], my(v=List()); fordiv(2*n, k, if(k<2, next); if(k==n, break); my(s=(2*n/k-4+2*k)/(k-1)); if(denominator(s)==1, listput(v, s))); v = Vec(v); v[#v]); \\ A176774 vsum(v) = vecsum(apply(tp, v)); lista(limp, lim) = {my(vr = vector(limp)); for(u = 2, sqrtint(lim), for(v = 1, u, if (u*u+v*v > lim, break); if ((gcd(u, v) == 1) && (0 != (u-v)%2), for (i = 1, lim, if (i*(u*u+v*v) > lim, break); my(w = [i*(u*u - v*v), i*2*u*v, i*(u*u+v*v)]); my(h = i*(u*u+v*v)); my(sw = vsum(w)); if (sw <= limp, if (vr[sw] == 0, vr[sw] = h, if (h < vr[sw], vr[sw] = h))); ); ); ); ); vector(#vr - 8, k, vr[k+8]); } lista(80, 15000) \\ Michel Marcus, Apr 16 2021 CROSSREFS Cf. A009000, A046083, A046084, A176774. Cf. A213188 (see 2nd comment). Cf. A245646, A245647, A245648, A342491. Cf. A001014, A071231, A218131. Sequence in context: A257149 A257156 A254738 * A064981 A275370 A204785 Adjacent sequences:  A342855 A342856 A342857 * A342859 A342860 A342861 KEYWORD nonn,hard,more AUTHOR Michel Marcus, Mar 26 2021 STATUS approved

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Last modified July 24 12:47 EDT 2021. Contains 346273 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)