The OEIS is supported by the many generous donors to the OEIS Foundation. Hints (Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
 A335894 Smallest side of integer-sided primitive triangles whose angles A < B < C are in arithmetic order. 7
 3, 5, 7, 8, 5, 16, 11, 24, 7, 33, 13, 35, 16, 39, 9, 56, 32, 45, 17, 63, 40, 51, 11, 85, 19, 80, 55, 57, 40, 77, 24, 95, 13, 120, 23, 120, 65, 88, 69, 91, 56, 115, 25, 143, 75, 112, 15, 161, 104, 105, 32, 175 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,1 COMMENTS The triples of sides (a,b,c) with a < b < c are in nondecreasing order of middle side, and if middle sides coincide, then by increasing order of the largest side, and when largest sides coincide, then by increasing order of the smallest side (see last example). This sequence lists the a's. Equivalently, lengths of the smallest side a of primitive non-equilateral triangles that have an angle of Pi/3; indeed, this side is opposite to the smallest angle A. Also, solutions a of the Diophantine equation b^2 = a^2 - a*c + c^2 with gcd(a,b) = 1 and a < b. For the corresponding primitive triples and miscellaneous properties and references, see A335893. When (a, b, c) is a triple with a < c/2, then (c-a, b, c) is the following triple because if b^2 = a^2 - a*c + c^2 then also b^2 = (c-a)^2 - (c-a)*c + c^2; hence, for each pair (b,c), there exist two distinct triangles whose smallest sides a_1 and a_2 satisfy a_1 + a_2 = c (see first example). REFERENCES V. Lespinard & R. Pernet, Trigonométrie, Classe de Mathématiques élémentaires, programme 1962, problème B-298 p. 124, André Desvigne. LINKS Table of n, a(n) for n=1..52. FORMULA a(n) = A335893(n, 1). a is such that a^2 - c*a + c^2 - b^2 = 0 with gcd(a,b) = 1 and a < b. EXAMPLE For the pair b = 7, c = 8 the two corresponding values of a are 3 and 5 with 3 + 5 = 8 = c because: 7^2 = 3^2 - 3*8 + 8^2, with triple (3, 7, 8), 7^2 = 5^2 - 5*8 + 8^2, with triple (5, 7, 8). For b = 91, there exist four corresponding values of a, two for b = 91 and c = 96 that are 11 and 85 with 11 + 85 = 96 = c, and two for b = 91 and c = 99 that are 19 and 80 with 19 + 80 = 99 = c; also these four smallest sides are ordered 11, 85, 19, 80 in the data because: 91^2 = 11^2 - 11*96 + 96^2, with triple (11, 91, 96), 91^2 = 85^2 - 85*96 + 96^2, with triple (85, 91, 96), 91^2 = 19^2 - 19*99 + 99^2, with triple (19, 91, 99), 91^2 = 80^2 - 80*99 + 99^2, with triple (80, 91, 99). MAPLE for b from 3 to 250 by 2 do for c from b+1 to 6*b/5 do a := (c - sqrt(4*b^2-3*c^2))/2; if gcd(a, b)=1 and issqr(4*b^2-3*c^2) then print(a, c-a); end if; end do; end do; PROG (PARIà lista(nn) = {forstep(b=1, nn, 2, for(c=b+1, 6*b\5, if (issquare(d=4*b^2 - 3*c^2), my(a = (c - sqrtint(d))/2); if ((denominator(a)==1) && (gcd(a, b) == 1), print1(a, ", ", c-a, ", "); ); ); ); ); } \\ Michel Marcus, Jul 16 2020 CROSSREFS Cf. A335893 (triples), A335895 (middle side), A335896 (largest side), A335897 (perimeter). Sequence in context: A142340 A185168 A131979 * A101496 A218490 A161696 Adjacent sequences: A335891 A335892 A335893 * A335895 A335896 A335897 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Bernard Schott, Jul 15 2020 STATUS approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recents
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

Last modified September 23 10:42 EDT 2023. Contains 365544 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)