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A329326 Length of the co-Lyndon factorization of the reversed binary expansion of n. 24
1, 2, 2, 3, 2, 3, 3, 4, 2, 3, 2, 4, 3, 4, 4, 5, 2, 3, 2, 4, 3, 3, 2, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 4, 5, 5, 6, 2, 3, 2, 4, 2, 3, 2, 5, 3, 4, 2, 4, 3, 3, 2, 6, 3, 4, 3, 5, 4, 4, 3, 6, 4, 5, 4, 6, 5, 6, 6, 7, 2, 3, 2, 4, 2, 3, 2, 5, 3, 3, 2, 4, 3, 3, 2, 6, 3, 4, 2, 5, 4, 3, 2 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

First differs from A211100 at a(77) = 3, A211100(77) = 2. The reversed binary expansion of 77 is (1011001), with co-Lyndon factorization (10)(1100)(1), while the binary expansion is (1001101), with Lyndon factorization of (1)(001101).

The co-Lyndon product of two or more finite sequences is defined to be the lexicographically minimal sequence obtainable by shuffling the sequences together. For example, the co-Lyndon product of (231) and (213) is (212313), the product of (221) and (213) is (212213), and the product of (122) and (2121) is (1212122). A co-Lyndon word is a finite sequence that is prime with respect to the co-Lyndon product. Equivalently, a co-Lyndon word is a finite sequence that is lexicographically strictly greater than all of its cyclic rotations. Every finite sequence has a unique (orderless) factorization into co-Lyndon words, and if these factors are arranged in certain order, their concatenation is equal to their co-Lyndon product. For example, (1001) has sorted co-Lyndon factorization (1)(100).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..87.

EXAMPLE

The reversed binary expansion of each positive integer together with their co-Lyndon factorizations begins:

   1:     (1) = (1)

   2:    (01) = (0)(1)

   3:    (11) = (1)(1)

   4:   (001) = (0)(0)(1)

   5:   (101) = (10)(1)

   6:   (011) = (0)(1)(1)

   7:   (111) = (1)(1)(1)

   8:  (0001) = (0)(0)(0)(1)

   9:  (1001) = (100)(1)

  10:  (0101) = (0)(10)(1)

  11:  (1101) = (110)(1)

  12:  (0011) = (0)(0)(1)(1)

  13:  (1011) = (10)(1)(1)

  14:  (0111) = (0)(1)(1)(1)

  15:  (1111) = (1)(1)(1)(1)

  16: (00001) = (0)(0)(0)(0)(1)

  17: (10001) = (1000)(1)

  18: (01001) = (0)(100)(1)

  19: (11001) = (1100)(1)

  20: (00101) = (0)(0)(10)(1)

MATHEMATICA

colynQ[q_]:=Array[Union[{RotateRight[q, #], q}]=={RotateRight[q, #], q}&, Length[q]-1, 1, And];

colynfac[q_]:=If[Length[q]==0, {}, Function[i, Prepend[colynfac[Drop[q, i]], Take[q, i]]]@Last[Select[Range[Length[q]], colynQ[Take[q, #]]&]]];

Table[Length[colynfac[Reverse[IntegerDigits[n, 2]]]], {n, 100}]

CROSSREFS

The non-"co" version is A211100.

Positions of 2's are A329357.

Numbers whose binary expansion is co-Lyndon are A275692.

Length of the co-Lyndon factorization of the binary expansion is A329312.

Cf. A000031, A001037, A059966, A060223, A211097, A296372, A296658, A328596, A329131, A329314, A329318, A329324, A329325.

Sequence in context: A185166 A276555 A211100 * A105264 A063787 A307092

Adjacent sequences:  A329323 A329324 A329325 * A329327 A329328 A329329

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Gus Wiseman, Nov 11 2019

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 6 11:12 EDT 2021. Contains 343581 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)