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A309366 When the positive integers are written as products of primes in nondecreasing order, a(n) is the least prime to occur more frequently in n-th position than in any other position. 2
2, 5, 71, 43103 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

In such products of primes, prime(m) occurs in n-th position A281890(m,n) times in every interval of A002110(m)^n positive integers, as explained in A281890. A002110(m) = primorial(m), product of first m primes.

For n >= 2, a(n) is the least prime to occur more frequently in n-th position than (n-1)-th position.

Primes p satisfying a(n) <= p < a(n+1) appear to occur more frequently in n-th position than in any other position.

The next term, a(5), is estimated to be ~ 6*10^11.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..4.

FORMULA

a(1) = prime(1) = 2.

For n >= 2, a(n) = min{ k : k = prime(m), A281890(m,n) > A002110(m) * A281890(m,n-1) }.

EXAMPLE

a(1) = prime(1) = 2, since 2 occurs in n-th position when an integer divisible by 2^n is written as a product of primes in nondecreasing order, thus more frequently in 1st position than in other positions.

Prime(2) = 3 occurs more often in 1st position than 2nd position, specifically once for every 6 consecutive integers (since A281890(2,1) = 1 and primorial(2) = 6) compared with 5 times for every 36 consecutive integers (since A281890(2,2) = 5 and primorial(2)^2 = 36). As 2 and 3 each occur more frequently in 1st position than 2nd position, a(2) > 3.

Prime(3) = 5 occurs in 1st position A281890(3,1) = 2 times in primorial(3) = 30, in 2nd position A281890(3,2) = 62 times in 30^2, in 3rd position A281890(3,3) = 1322 times in 30^3, and decreasingly frequently in subsequent positions. 2/30 < 62/30^2 and 62/30^2 > 1322/30^3. Thus 5 occurs most frequently in 2nd position and is the first prime to do so, so a(2) = 5.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A002110, A027746, A126283, A281889, A281890.

Sequence in context: A167218 A013045 A290864 * A007506 A042693 A328746

Adjacent sequences:  A309363 A309364 A309365 * A309367 A309368 A309369

KEYWORD

nonn,more

AUTHOR

Peter Munn, Jul 25 2019

STATUS

approved

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Last modified June 19 20:52 EDT 2021. Contains 345146 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)