

A279049


A 3dimensional variant of A269526 "Infinite Sudoku": expansion (read first by layer, then by row) of square pyramid P(n,j,k). (See A269526 and "Comments" below for definition).


2



1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 1, 2, 7, 8, 4, 3, 2, 7, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 3, 1, 1, 6, 5, 2, 5, 4, 1, 6, 4, 7, 8, 5, 6, 2, 11, 9, 10, 3, 12, 8, 13, 4, 5, 3, 2, 10, 7, 1, 8, 6, 11, 3, 2, 8, 10, 1, 4, 7, 5, 6, 3, 2, 11, 9, 8, 4, 1, 12, 8, 13, 6, 7, 5, 14, 9, 11, 3, 1, 4, 15, 5, 6, 7, 2, 7, 8, 1, 10, 4
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OFFSET

1,2


COMMENTS

Comments: Construct a square pyramid so the top left corners of each layer are directly underneath each other. Place a "1" in the top layer (P(1,1,1) = 1); in each successive layer starting in the top left corner (P(n,1,1)) and continuing horizontally until each successive row is complete: add the least positive integer so that no row, column or diagonal (in any horizontal or vertical direction) contains a repeated term. Here, the following definitions apply:
"row" means a horizontal line (read left to right) on a layer;
"horizontal column" means a line on a layer read vertically (downward) WITHIN a layer;
"vertical column" means a vertical line (read downward) ACROSS layers; and
"diagonal" means a diagonal line with slope 1 or 1 in any possible plane.
Conjecture: all infinite lines (i.e., all vertical columns and some multilayer diagonals) are permutations of the natural numbers (while this has been proven for rows and columns in A269526, proofs here will require more subtle analysis).


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..91.


EXAMPLE

Example:
Layers start P(1,1,1):
Layer 1: 1

Layer 2: 2 3
4 5

Layer 3: 6 1 2
7 8 4
3 2 7

Layer 4: 3 5 6 7
9 10 3 1
1 6 5 2
5 4 1 6

Layer 4, Row 2, Column 1 = P(4,2,1) = 9.
P(4,3,3) = 5 because all coefficients < 5 have appeared in at least one row, column or diagonal to P(4,3,3): P(4,2,4) and P(4,3,1) = 1; P(2,1,1) and P(3,3,2) = 2; P(4,1,1) and P(4,2,3) = 3; and P(3,2,3) = 4.
Expanding successive layers (read by rows):
1
2, 3, 4, 5
6, 1, 2, 7, 8, 4, 3, 2, 7
3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 3, 1, 1, 6, 5, 2, 5, 4, 1, 6
4, 7, 8, 5, 6, 2, 11, 9, 10, 3, 12, 8, 13, 4, 5, 3, 2, 10, 7, 1, 8, 6, 11, 3, 2


CROSSREFS

Cf. A269526.
Cf. A000330 (square pyramidal numbers).
Sequence in context: A053828 A033927 A104414 * A125934 A125935 A327241
Adjacent sequences: A279046 A279047 A279048 * A279050 A279051 A279052


KEYWORD

nonn,tabf


AUTHOR

Bob Selcoe, Dec 04 2016


STATUS

approved



