The number of labeled increasing binary trees with an associated permutation avoiding 231 in the classical sense. The tree’s permutation is found by recording the labels in the order they appear in a breadthfirst search. (Note that a breadthfirst search reading word is equivalent to reading the tree labels left to right by levels, starting with the root).
In some cases, the same breadthfirst search reading permutation can be found on differently shaped trees. This sequence gives the number of trees, not the number of permutations.
