

A234694


a(n) = {0 < k < n: p = k + prime(nk) and prime(p)  p + 1 are both prime}.


22



0, 1, 0, 2, 1, 2, 1, 0, 0, 2, 2, 4, 1, 1, 2, 4, 2, 1, 1, 2, 3, 3, 2, 3, 1, 1, 1, 3, 5, 4, 3, 4, 3, 3, 3, 2, 4, 3, 2, 5, 4, 4, 4, 1, 1, 5, 4, 2, 1, 2, 5, 5, 2, 3, 4, 2, 3, 5, 7, 7, 6, 2, 5, 6, 2, 5, 4, 4, 7, 6, 6, 5, 4, 8, 7, 4, 5, 3, 5, 7, 3, 5, 4, 7, 6, 7, 2
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OFFSET

1,4


COMMENTS

Conjecture: (i) a(n) > 0 for all n > 9. Also, for any integer n > 51 there is a positive integer k < n such that p = k + prime(nk) and prime(p) + p + 1 are both prime.
(ii) If n > 9 (or n > 21), then there is a positive integer k < n such that m  1 and prime(m) + m (or prime(m)  m, resp.) are both prime, where m = k + prime(nk).
(iii) If n > 483, then for some 0 < k < n both prime(m) + m and prime(m)  m are prime, where m = k + prime(nk).
(iv) If n > 3, then there is a positive integer k < n such that prime(k + prime(nk)) + 2 is prime.
Clearly, part (i) of the conjecture implies that there are infinitely many primes p with prime(p)  p + 1 (or prime(p) + p + 1) also prime.
See A234695 for primes p with prime(p)  p + 1 also prime.


LINKS

ZhiWei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000
Z.W. Sun, Problems on combinatorial properties of primes, arXiv:1402.6641, 2014


EXAMPLE

a(5) = 1 since 2 + prime(3) = 7 and prime(7)  6 = 11 are both prime.
a(25) = 1 since 20 + prime(5) = 31 and prime(31)  30 = 97 are both prime.
a(27) = 1 since 18 + prime(9) = 41 and prime(41)  40 = 139 are both prime.
a(45) = 1 since 6 + prime(39) = 173 and prime(173)  172 = 859 are both prime.
a(49) = 1 since 26 + prime(23) = 109 and prime(109)  108 = 491 are both prime.


MATHEMATICA

f[n_, k_]:=k+Prime[nk]
q[n_, k_]:=PrimeQ[f[n, k]]&&PrimeQ[Prime[f[n, k]]f[n, k]+1]
a[n_]:=Sum[If[q[n, k], 1, 0], {k, 1, n1}]
Table[a[n], {n, 1, 100}]


CROSSREFS

Cf. A000040, A014688, A014689, A014692, A064269, A064270, A232861, A233150, A233183, A233206, A233296, A234695.
Sequence in context: A105661 A082451 A121362 * A091704 A175799 A123739
Adjacent sequences: A234691 A234692 A234693 * A234695 A234696 A234697


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

ZhiWei Sun, Dec 29 2013


STATUS

approved



