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A215948 a(n) = 3^n*A(2*n), where A(n) = 3*A(n-1) + A(n-2) - A(n-3)/3 with A(0)=A(1)=3, A(2)=11. 6
3, 33, 1035, 33273, 1070163, 34420113, 1107069147, 35607149289, 1145248319907, 36835122733569, 1184744167018155, 38105444942752473, 1225602095969542131, 39419576386041628017, 1267869080483024344443, 40779027899804588036553, 1311593714249667872790339 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,1

COMMENTS

The Berndt-type sequence number 12 for the argument 2*Pi/9 defined by the first trigonometric relations from the section "Formula" below (it is the complement of the sequence A215945). For more information see comments to A215945. We note that all a(n)/3 and 3^(-1 + floor((n+3)/3))*A(n) = A216034(n) are integers.

REFERENCES

D. Chmiela and R. Witula, Two parametric quasi-Fibonacci numbers of the ninth order, (submitted, 2012).

R. Witula, Ramanujan type formulas for arguments 2Pi/7 and 2Pi/9, Demonstratio Math. (in press, 2012).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..16.

Roman Witula and Damian Slota, New Ramanujan-Type Formulas and Quasi-Fibonacci Numbers of Order 7, Journal of Integer Sequences, Vol. 10 (2007), Article 07.5.6.

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (33,-27,3).

FORMULA

a(n) = t(1)^(2*n) + t(2)^(2*n) + t(4)^(2*n) = (-sqrt(3) + 4*s(1))^(2*n) + (sqrt(3) + 4*s(2))^(2*n) + (-sqrt(3) + 4*s(4))^(2*n), where t(j) := tan(2*Pi*j/9) and s(j) := sin(2*Pi*j/9). For the respective sums of odd powers - see A215945.

a(n) = 33*a(n-1) - 27*a(n-2) + 3*a(n-3).

G.f.: 3*(1-22*x+9*x^2)/(1-33*x+27*x^2-3*x^3).

a(n) = cot(Pi/18)^(2*n) + cot(5*Pi/18)^(2*n) + cot(7*Pi/18)^(2*n). - Greg Dresden, Oct 01 2020

EXAMPLE

We have t(1)^4 + t(2)^4 + t(4)^4 = 1035 = (345/11)*(t(1)^2 + t(2)^2 + t(4)^2) and (1 - 4*s(1)/sqrt(3))^4 + (1 + 4*s(2)/sqrt(3))^4 + (1 - 4*s(4)/sqrt(3))^4 = 115. Moreover we get a(2)/a(1) = 31,(36), a(3)/a(1) = 1008,(27), a(4)/a(1) = 32429,(18).

MATHEMATICA

LinearRecurrence[{33, -27, 3}, {3, 33, 1035}, 50]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A215945, A216034, A215829, A215794, A215575.

Sequence in context: A086894 A255930 A255883 * A012487 A188387 A113111

Adjacent sequences:  A215945 A215946 A215947 * A215949 A215950 A215951

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Roman Witula, Aug 28 2012

STATUS

approved

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Last modified November 30 08:19 EST 2021. Contains 349419 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)