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A212395 Number of move operations required to sort all permutations of [n] by insertion sort. 5
0, 0, 3, 23, 164, 1252, 10512, 97344, 990432, 11010528, 132966720, 1734793920, 24330205440, 365150833920, 5840673108480, 99204809356800, 1783428104908800, 33833306484633600, 675513065777356800, 14160039606855475200, 310935875030323200000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

a(n) is n! times the average number of move operations (A212396, A212397) required by an insertion sort of n (distinct) elements.

LINKS

Alois P. Heinz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..448

Wikipedia, Insertion sort

Index entries for sequences related to sorting

FORMULA

a(n) = a(n-1)*n + (n-1)! * (n-1)*(n+4)/2 for n>0, a(0) = 0.

a(n) = n! * (n*(n+7)/4 - 2*H(n)) with n-th harmonic number H(n) = Sum_{k=1..n} 1/k = A001008(n)/A002805(n).

a(n) = ((2*n^3+3*n^2-13*n+4)*a(n-1)-(n+4)*(n-1)^3*a(n-2))/((n-2)*(3+n)) for n>2.

EXAMPLE

a(0) = a(1) = 0 because 0 or 1 elements are already sorted.

a(2) = 3: [1,2] is sorted and [2,1] needs 3 moves.

a(3) = 23: [1,2,3]->(0), [1,3,2]->(3), [2,1,3]->(3), [2,3,1]->(4), [3,1,2]->(6), [3,2,1]->(7); sum of all moves gives 0+3+3+4+6+7 = 23.

MAPLE

a:= proc(n) option remember;

      `if`(n=0, 0, a(n-1)*n + (n-1)! * (n-1)*(n+4)/2)

    end:

seq(a(n), n=0..30);

# second Maple program:

a:= proc(n) option remember; `if`(n<3, [0$2, 3][n+1],

      ((2*n^3+3*n^2-13*n+4)*a(n-1) -(n+4)*

       (n-1)^3*a(n-2)) / ((n-2)*(3+n)))

    end:

seq(a(n), n=0..30);

MATHEMATICA

a[n_] := n!*(n*(n+7)/4 - 2*HarmonicNumber[n]); Table[a[n], {n, 0, 30}] (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Feb 01 2017, from 2nd formula *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A001008, A002805, A159324, A212396, A212397, A279683.

Sequence in context: A037789 A037670 A037796 * A027141 A002398 A110065

Adjacent sequences:  A212392 A212393 A212394 * A212396 A212397 A212398

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Alois P. Heinz, May 14 2012

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 19 14:36 EDT 2019. Contains 323395 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)