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A210644 Decimal expansion of cos(2*Pi/17). 7
9, 3, 2, 4, 7, 2, 2, 2, 9, 4, 0, 4, 3, 5, 5, 8, 0, 4, 5, 7, 3, 1, 1, 5, 8, 9, 1, 8, 2, 1, 5, 6, 3, 3, 8, 6, 2, 6, 2, 5, 8, 7, 7, 7, 7, 9, 4, 5, 1, 1, 6, 9, 2, 8, 2, 4, 8, 3, 5, 0, 0, 1, 1, 8, 6, 0, 5, 3, 6, 0, 4, 6, 5, 6, 9, 6, 4, 4, 4, 9, 8, 1, 2, 8, 0, 7, 4 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,1

COMMENTS

Constant related to the constructibility of the regular heptadecagon. The "Disquisitiones Arithmeticae" of Gauss contains the following equivalent expression:

-1/16+(1/16)*sqrt(17)+(1/16)*sqrt(34-2*sqrt(17))+(1/8)*sqrt(17+3*sqrt(17)-sqrt(34-2*sqrt(17))-2*sqrt((34+2*sqrt(17)))).

This value is a root of the polynomial 256*x^8+128*x^7-448*x^6-192*x^5+240*x^4+80*x^3-40*x^2-8*x+1.

The continued fraction expansion of cos(2*Pi/17) is 0, 1, 13, 1, 4, 4, 2, 1, 1, 2, 4, 425, 1, 2, 5, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 4, 4, 10, 3, 2, 1,...

REFERENCES

C. F. Gauss, Disquisitiones Arithmeticae, 1801 (Lipsia), p. 662 (par. 365).

Ian Stewart, Professor Stewart's Cabinet of Mathematical Curiosities, BASIC Books, a member of the Perseus Books Group, NY, 2009, "Why Gauss Became a Mathematician", pp. 146 - 149.

Ian Stewart, Why Beauty Is Truth, A History of Symmetry, BASIC Books, a member of the Perseus Books Group, NY 2007, pp. 136.

LINKS

Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Heptadecagon.

Wikipedia, Heptadecagon.

FORMULA

Equals (i^(4/17) - i^(30/17))/2. - Peter Luschny, Apr 04 2020

EXAMPLE

cos(2*Pi/17) = 0.9324722294043558045731158918215633862625877779451169...

MATHEMATICA

RealDigits[Cos[2Pi/17], 10, 105][[1]]

RealDigits[(-1 + Sqrt[17] + Sqrt[34 - 2 Sqrt[17]] + Sqrt[68 + 12 Sqrt[17] - 4 Sqrt[170 + 38 Sqrt[17]]])/16, 10, 111][[1]] (* Robert G. Wilson v, Aug 09 2012 *)

PROG

(PARI) cos(2*Pi/17)

(Maxima) fpprec:90; ev(bfloat(cos(2*%pi/17)));

CROSSREFS

Cf. A019700, A210649.

Sequence in context: A195704 A176516 A337768 * A072559 A019941 A200624

Adjacent sequences:  A210641 A210642 A210643 * A210645 A210646 A210647

KEYWORD

nonn,cons

AUTHOR

Bruno Berselli, Mar 26 2012

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 6 08:24 EDT 2021. Contains 343580 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)