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 A175856 a(n) = n for n = noncomposites, a(n) = previous term - 1 for n = composites. 9
 1, 2, 3, 2, 5, 4, 7, 6, 5, 4, 11, 10, 13, 12, 11, 10, 17, 16, 19, 18, 17, 16, 23, 22, 21, 20, 19, 18, 29, 28, 31, 30, 29, 28, 27, 26, 37, 36, 35, 34, 41, 40, 43, 42, 41, 40, 47, 46, 45, 44, 43, 42, 53, 52, 51, 50, 49, 48, 59, 58, 61, 60, 59, 58, 57, 56, 67, 66 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS a(n) = n for n = noncomposites, a(n) = 2 * previous prime (n) - n for n = composites. See A175859 - absent positive integers (pairs of consecutive numbers) in sequence : 8, 9, 14, 15, 24, 25, 32, 33, ... LINKS Alois P. Heinz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000 EXAMPLE a(7) = 7 (7 = noncomposite number), a(8) = 2*7-8 = 6 (8 = composite number). MAPLE a:= proc(n) option remember; `if`(n=1 or isprime(n), n, a(n-1)-1) end: seq(a(n), n=1..80); # Alois P. Heinz, Jun 22 2021 MATHEMATICA a[1] := 1; a[n_] := a[n] = If[PrimeQ[n], n, a[n - 1] - 1] (* Ben Branman, Jan 02 2011 *) nxt[{n_, a_}]:={n+1, If[CompositeQ[n+1], a-1, n+1]}; NestList[nxt, {1, 1}, 70][[All, 2]] (* Harvey P. Dale, Jan 01 2023 *) PROG (PARI) a(n)=if(n==1, 1, 2*precprime(n)-n) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Apr 22 2022~ CROSSREFS Cf. A002808, A008578, A175857, A175858, A175859, A175860, A175861, A175862. Sequence in context: A212831 A072969 A139712 * A075365 A268466 A075274 Adjacent sequences: A175853 A175854 A175855 * A175857 A175858 A175859 KEYWORD nonn,easy AUTHOR Jaroslav Krizek, Sep 29 2010 EXTENSIONS Corrected by Jaroslav Krizek, Oct 01 2010 STATUS approved

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Last modified September 29 16:03 EDT 2023. Contains 365773 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)