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A173725 Number of symmetry classes of 3x3 semimagic squares with distinct positive values and magic sum n. 4
1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 20, 29, 42, 54, 82, 97, 131, 169, 207, 249, 331, 372, 459, 551, 647, 745, 911, 1007, 1184, 1374, 1553, 1739, 2049, 2231, 2539, 2867, 3183, 3509, 3999, 4316, 4820, 5340, 5835, 6350, 7104, 7607, 8352, 9132, 9882, 10651, 11724, 12472, 13551 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

15,2

COMMENTS

In a semimagic square the row and column sums must all be equal to the magic sum. The symmetries are permutation of rows and columns and reflection in a diagonal. a(n) is given by a quasipolynomial of degree 4 and period 840.

REFERENCES

Matthias Beck and Thomas Zaslavsky, An enumerative geometry for magic and magilatin labellings, Annals of Combinatorics, 10 (2006), no. 4, pages 395-413. MR 2007m:05010. Zbl 1116.05071.

LINKS

T. Zaslavsky, Table of n, a(n) for n=15..10000.

M. Beck, T. Zaslavsky, Six Little Squares and How Their Numbers Grow , J. Int. Seq. 13 (2010), 10.6.2.

Matthias Beck and Thomas Zaslavsky, "Six Little Squares and How their Numbers Grow" Web Site: Maple worksheets and supporting documentation.

FORMULA

G.f.: (x^3)/(1-x^3) * { x^7/[(x-1)*(x^2-1)^3] + 2x^7/[(x-1)*(x^2-1)*(x^4-1)] + x^7/[(x-1)*(x^6-1)] + x^7/[(x^2-1)^2*(x^3-1)] + x^7/[(x^2-1)*(x^5-1)] + x^7/[(x^3-1)*(x^4-1)] + x^7/(x^7-1) + x^9/[(x-1)*(x^4-1)^2] + 2*x^9/[(x^2-1)*(x^3-1)*(x^4-1)] + 2*x^9/[(x^3-1)*(x^6-1)] + x^9/[(x^4-1)*(x^5-1)] + x^11/[(x^3-1)*(x^4-1)^2] + x^11/[(x^3-1)*(x^8-1)] + x^11/[(x^5-1)*(x^6-1)] + x^13/[(x^5-1)*(x^8-1)] } [From Thomas Zaslavsky, Mar 03 2010]

EXAMPLE

a(15) is the first term because the values 1,...,9 make magic sum 15. By symmetries one can assume a_{11} is smallest, and a_{11} < a_{12} < a_{21} < a_{31} < a_{13}. a(15)=1 because there is only one normal form with values 1,...,9 (equivalent to the classical 3x3 magic square). a(16)=2 because the values 1,...,8,10 give two normal forms.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A173547, A173726. A173723 counts symmetry types by largest cell value.

Sequence in context: A023598 A263615 A303748 * A300414 A307732 A103258

Adjacent sequences:  A173722 A173723 A173724 * A173726 A173727 A173728

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Thomas Zaslavsky, Feb 23 2010

STATUS

approved

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Last modified June 18 15:13 EDT 2021. Contains 345120 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)