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A164299 a(n) = ((1+4*sqrt(2))*(3+sqrt(2))^n + (1-4*sqrt(2))*(3-sqrt(2))^n)/2. 8
1, 11, 59, 277, 1249, 5555, 24587, 108637, 479713, 2117819, 9348923, 41268805, 182170369, 804140579, 3549650891, 15668921293, 69165971521, 305313380075, 1347718479803, 5949117218293, 26260673951137, 115920223178771 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Binomial transform of A164298. Third binomial transform of A164587. Inverse binomial transform of A164300.

This sequence is part of a class of sequences defined by the recurrence a(n,m) = 2*(m+1)*a(n-1,m) - ((m+1)^2 - 2)*a(n-2,m) with a(0) = 1 and a(1) = m+9. The generating function is Sum_{n>=0} a(n,m)*x^n = (1 - (m-7)*x)/(1 - 2*(m+1)*x + ((m+1)^2 - 2)*x^2) and has a series expansion in terms of Pell-Lucas numbers defined by a(n, m) = (1/2)*Sum_{k=0..n} binomial(n,k)*m^(n-k)*(5*Q(k) + 4*Q(k-1)). - G. C. Greubel, Mar 12 2021

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (6,-7).

FORMULA

a(n) = 6*a(n-1) - 7*a(n-2) for n > 1; a(0) = 1, a(1) = 11.

G.f.: (1+5*x)/(1-6*x+7*x^2).

E.g.f.: (cosh(sqrt(2)*x) + 4*sqrt(2)*sinh(sqrt(2)*x))*exp(3*x). - G. C. Greubel, Sep 12 2017

From G. C. Greubel, Mar 12 2021: (Start)

a(n) = 2*A083878(n) + 8*A081179(n).

a(n) = (1/2)*Sum_{k=0..n} binomial(n,k)*2^(n-k)*(5*Q(k) + 4*Q(k-1)), where Q(n) = Pell-Lucas(n) = A002203(n). (End)

MATHEMATICA

LinearRecurrence[{6, -7}, {1, 11}, 50] (* or *) CoefficientList[Series[(1 + 5*x)/(1 - 6*x + 7*x^2), {x, 0, 50}], x] (* G. C. Greubel, Sep 12 2017 *)

PROG

(MAGMA) Z<x>:=PolynomialRing(Integers()); N<r>:=NumberField(x^2-2); S:=[ ((1+4*r)*(3+r)^n+(1-4*r)*(3-r)^n)/2: n in [0..21] ]; [ Integers()!S[j]: j in [1..#S] ]; // Klaus Brockhaus, Aug 17 2009

(PARI) my(x='x+O('x^50)); Vec((1+5*x)/(1-6*x+7*x^2)) \\ G. C. Greubel, Sep 12 2017

(Sage) [( (1+5*x)/(1-6*x+7*x^2) ).series(x, n+1).list()[n] for n in (0..30)] # G. C. Greubel, Mar 12 2021

CROSSREFS

Sequences in the class a(n, m): A164298 (m=1), this sequence (m=2), A164300 (m=3), A164301 (m=4), A164598 (m=5), A164599 (m=6), A081185 (m=7), A164600 (m=8).

Cf. A081179, A083878, A164587.

Sequence in context: A217114 A249891 A186256 * A253207 A241860 A082884

Adjacent sequences:  A164296 A164297 A164298 * A164300 A164301 A164302

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Al Hakanson (hawkuu(AT)gmail.com), Aug 12 2009

EXTENSIONS

Edited and extended beyond a(5) by Klaus Brockhaus, Aug 17 2009

STATUS

approved

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Last modified July 24 23:25 EDT 2021. Contains 346273 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)